Volume 41 Issue 6
Jun.  2022
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Joon Sang Park, Kyun-Woo Lee, Seung Won Jung, Taek-Kyun Lee, Hyoung Min Joo. Winter distribution of diatom assemblages along the coastline of R. O. Korea in 2010[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2022, 41(6): 68-77. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1929-5
Citation: Joon Sang Park, Kyun-Woo Lee, Seung Won Jung, Taek-Kyun Lee, Hyoung Min Joo. Winter distribution of diatom assemblages along the coastline of R. O. Korea in 2010[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2022, 41(6): 68-77. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1929-5

Winter distribution of diatom assemblages along the coastline of R. O. Korea in 2010

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1929-5
Funds:  The Fund of the Research Project of Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology under contract No. PEA0014; the National Research Foundation of the Ministry of Science and ICT under contract Nos NRF-2020R1A2C2005970 and NRF-2017M3A9E4072753; the Fund of the Korea Institute of Marine Science & Technology Promotion of the Ministry of Ocean and Fisheries under contract No. 21210466.
More Information
  • Diatoms are a globally successful and eukaryotic photosynthetic organism with an ornamented silica external wall. The relationship between their valve morphology and habitat means that diatoms can be used as bioindicators to characterize the aquatic environment. To estimate the differential distribution and diversity of diatom assemblages along the coastal line, we collected phytoplankton samples from 114 coastal sites of waters of R. O. Korea. We applied the unweighted pair-group technique using the arithmetic averages clustering method to cluster the sampling sites, apart from those where the biota consisted of other groups, such as dinoflagellates, into four regions: the Yellow Sea, South Sea, southern East Sea, and northern East Sea. Indicator species analysis in each region led to the selection of tychoplanktonic, chain-forming, attached species to substrates and psychrophilic indicator diatoms, respectively, each of which represented a planktonic lifestyle associated with one of the four regions. This study shows the diatom assemblages to serve as bioindicators of Korean coastal water in winter, and the subsequent seasonal survey will provide a starting point for the improved understanding of Korean diatom-based ecoregions, in both time and space.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Abrantes F. 1988. Diatom assemblages as upwelling indicators in surface sediments off Portugal. Marine Geology, 85(1): 15–39. doi: 10.1016/0025-3227(88)90082-5
    Bae S W, Kim D S. 2012. Understanding the flow properties by a numerical modeling in the South Sea of Korea. Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, 18(4): 295–307. doi: 10.7837/kosomes.2012.18.4.295
    Barton A D, Pershing A J, Litchman E, et al. 2013. The biogeography of marine plankton traits. Ecology Letters, 16(4): 522–534. doi: 10.1111/ele.12063
    Bergkvist J, Klawonn I, Whitehouse M J, et al. 2018. Turbulence simultaneously stimulates small- and large-scale CO2 sequestration by chain-forming diatoms in the sea. Nature Communications, 9(1): 3046. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-05149-w
    Bjærke O, Jonsson P R, Alam A, et al. 2015. Is chain length in phytoplankton regulated to evade predation?. Journal of Plankton Research, 37(6): 1110–1119,
    Choi J K. 1991. The influence of the tidal front on primary productivity and distribution of phytoplankton in the mid-eastern coast of Yellow Sea. The Journal of the Oceanological Society of Korea, 26(3): 223–241
    Choi J K, Noh J H, Orlova T, et al. 2016. Phytoplankton and primary production. In: Chang K I, Zhang C I, Park C, et al, eds. Oceanography of the East Sea (Japan Sea). Cham: Springer, 217–245
    De Cáceres M. 2013. How to use the indicspecies package (ver. 1.7. 1). R Proj, 29
    DeLong E F, Preston C M, Mincer T, et al. 2006. Community genomics among stratified microbial assemblages in the ocean's interior. Science, 311(5760): 496–503. doi: 10.1126/science.1120250
    Denman K L. 2008. Climate change, ocean processes and ocean iron fertilization. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 364: 219–225. doi: 10.3354/meps07542
    Duerksen S W, Thiemann G W, Budge S M, et al. 2014. Large, Omega-3 rich, pelagic diatoms under Arctic sea ice: sources and implications for food webs. PLoS ONE, 9(12): e114070. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114070
    Falkowski P. 2012. Ocean science: the power of plankton. Nature, 483(7387): S17–S20. doi: 10.1038/483S17a
    Falkowski P G, Katz M E, Knoll A H, et al. 2004. The evolution of modern eukaryotic phytoplankton. Science, 305(5682): 354–360. doi: 10.1126/science.1095964
    Finlay B J. 2002. Global dispersal of free-living microbial eukaryote species. Science, 296(5570): 1061–1063. doi: 10.1126/science.1070710
    Galand P E, Casamayor E O, Kirchman D L, et al. 2009. Ecology of the rare microbial biosphere of the Arctic Ocean. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(52): 22427–22432. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0908284106
    Gebühr C, Wiltshire K H, Aberle N, et al. 2009. Influence of nutrients, temperature, light and salinity on the occurrence of Paralia sulcata at Helgoland Roads, North Sea. Aquatic Biology, 7(3): 185–197. doi: 10.3354/ab00191
    Guiry M D. 2012. How many species of algae are there?. Journal of Phycology, 48(5): 1057–1063,
    Halse G R, Syvertsen E E. 1996. Marine diatoms. In: Tomas C R, ed. Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates. San Diego: Academic Press, 5–385
    Happey-Wood C M, Jones P. 1988. Rhythms of vertical migration and motility in intertidal benthic diatoms with particular reference to Pleurosigma angulatum. Diatom Research, 3(1): 83–93. doi: 10.1080/0269249X.1988.9705018
    Hobson L A, McQuoid M R. 1997. Temporal variations among planktonic diatom assemblages in a turbulent environment of the southern Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 150: 263–274. doi: 10.3354/meps150263
    Honeywill C. 1998. A study of British Licmophora species and a discussion of its morphological features. Diatom Research, 13(2): 221–271. doi: 10.1080/0269249X.1998.9705450
    Hustedt F. 1927–1966. Die kieselalgen deutschlands, österreichs und der schweiz. In: Rabenhorst’s Kryptogamenflora, Band 7, Teil 1–3. New York: Johnson Reprint
    Ichikawa H, Beardsley R C. 2002. The current system in the Yellow and East China Seas. Journal of Oceanography, 58(1): 77–92. doi: 10.1023/A:1015876701363
    Jeong H D, Hong S E, Kim S W, et al. 2014. Community structure and biological indicator species of marine benthic algal at intertidal zone in the three areas of the East Coast of Korea. Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment and Safety, 20(6): 609–618. doi: 10.7837/kosomes.2014.20.6.609
    Joo H M, Lee S H, Jung S W, et al. 2012. Latitudinal variation of phytoplankton communities in the western Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 81–84: 3–17,
    Jung S W, Joo H M, Park J S, et al. 2010. Development of a rapid and effective method for preparing delicate dinoflagellates for scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Applied Phycology, 22(3): 313–317. doi: 10.1007/s10811-009-9461-6
    Jung S W, Kang J, Park J S, et al. 2021. Dynamic bacterial community response to Akashiwo sanguinea (Dinophyceae) bloom in indoor marine microcosms. Scientific Reports, 11(1): 6983. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-86590-8
    Jung S W, Park J S. 2019. Two fouling Olifantiella (Bacillariophyceae) species from the northwest temperate Pacific coast. Diatom Research, 34(3): 165–180. doi: 10.1080/0269249x.2019.1649307
    Jung S W, Youn S J, Shin H H, et al. 2013. Effect of temperature on changes in size and morphology of the marine diatom, Ditylum brightwellii (West) Grunow (Bacillariophyceae). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 135: 128–136,
    Kang Y S, Choi H C, Lim J H, et al. 2005. Dynamics of the phytoplankton community in the coastal waters of Chuksan Harbor, East Sea. Algae, 20(4): 345–352. doi: 10.4490/ALGAE.2005.20.4.345
    Kang J H, Kim W S, Chang K I, et al. 2004. Distribution of plankton related to the mesoscale physical structure within the surface mixed layer in the southwestern East Sea, Korea. Journal of Plankton Research, 26(12): 1515–1528. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbh140
    Kang J S, Park J S, Jung S W, et al. 2021. Zooming on dynamics of marine microbial communities in the phycosphere of Akashiwo sanguinea (Dinophyta) blooms. Molecular Ecology, 30(1): 207–221. doi: 10.1111/mec.15714
    Kassambara A, Mundt F. 2017. Package ‘factoextra’. Extract and visualize the results of multivariate data analyses. http://www.sthda.com/english/rpkgs/factoextra[2019-9-10]
    Kim H K, Cho I H, Hwang E A, et al. 2019. Benthic diatom communities in Korean estuaries: species appearances in relation to environmental variables. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(15): 2681. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16152681
    Kim H J, Jung S W, Lim D I, et al. 2016. Effects of temperature and nutrients on changes in genetic diversity of bacterioplankton communities in a semi-closed bay, South Korea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 106(1–2): 139–148. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.03.015
    Kim K, Kim K R, Min D H, et al. 2001. Warming and structural changes in the east (Japan) Sea: a clue to future changes in global oceans?. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(17): 3293–3296,
    Kim Y H, Min H S. 2008. Seasonal and interannual variability of the North Korean Cold Current in the East Sea reanalysis data. Ocean and Polar Research, 30(1): 21–31. doi: 10.4217/OPR.2008.30.1.021
    Koh C H, Khim J S. 2014. The Korean tidal flat of the Yellow Sea: Physical setting, ecosystem and management. Ocean & Coastal Management, 102: 398–414. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2014.07.008
    Kooistra W H C F, Forlani G, De Stefano M. 2009. Adaptations of araphid pennate diatoms to a planktonic existence. Marine Ecology, 30(1): 1–15. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0485.2008.00262.x
    Kooistra W H C F, Gersonde R, Medlin L K, et al. 2007. The origin and evolution of the diatoms: their adaptation to a planktonic existence. In: Falkowski P G, Knoll A H, eds. Evolution of Primary Producers in the Sea. Burlington: Academic Press, 207–249
    Lee J H. 1996. Historical review and prospect on diatoms in Korea. ALGAE, 11(3): 247
    Lee S D, Joo H M, Lee J H. 2014a. Critical criteria for identification of the genus Chaetoceros (Bacillariophyta) based on setae ultrastructure. II. Subgenus Hyalochaete. Phycologia, 53(6): 614–638. doi: 10.2216/14-51r2.1
    Lee J H, Park J S. 2015. Newly recorded diatom species in marine and fresh water of Korea. Journal of Ecology and Environment, 38(4): 545–562. doi: 10.5141/ecoenv.2015.058
    Lee S D, Park J S, Lee J H. 2012. New record of diatom species in Korean coastal waters. Korean Journal of Environmental Biology, 30(3): 245–271
    Lee S D, Park J S, Yun S M, et al. 2014b. Critical criteria for identification of the genus Chaetoceros (Bacillariophyta) based on setae ultrastructure. I. Subgenus Chaetoceros. Phycologia, 53(2): 174–187. doi: 10.2216/13-154.1
    Lim D, Jung S W, Park J G, et al. 2012. Seasonal changes in water masses and phytoplankton communities in the western part of south coastal waters, Korea. Korean Society of Environmental Biology, 30(4): 328–338. doi: 10.11626/KJEB.2012.30.4.328
    Lovejoy C, Legendre L, Martineau M J, et al. 2002. Distribution of phytoplankton and other protists in the North Water. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 49(22−23): 5027–5047. doi: 10.1016/s0967-0645(02)00176-5
    Mann D G, Droop S J M. 1996. Biodiversity, biogeography and conservation of diatoms. Hydrobiologia, 336(1−3): 19–32. doi: 10.1007/bf00010816
    Mann D G, Vanormelingen P. 2013. An inordinate fondness? The number, distributions, and origins of diatom species. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 60(4): 414–420. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12047
    McQuoid M R, Nordberg K. 2003. The diatom Paralia sulcata as an environmental indicator species in coastal sediments. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 56(2): 339–354,
    Medlin L K, Kaczmarska I. 2004. Evolution of the diatoms: V. Morphological and cytological support for the major clades and a taxonomic revision. Phycologia, 43(3): 245–270. doi: 10.2216/i0031-8884-43-3-245.1
    Morel F M M, Price N M. 2003. The biogeochemical cycles of trace metals in the oceans. Science, 300(5621): 944–947. doi: 10.1126/science.1083545
    Musielak M M, Karp-Boss L, Jumars P A, et al. 2009. Nutrient transport and acquisition by diatom chains in a moving fluid. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 638: 401–421. doi: 10.1017/s0022112009991108
    Oksanen J, Blanchet F G, Kindt R, et al. 2013. Package ‘vegan’. Community Ecology Package. https://github.com/vegandevs/vegan[2019-09-10]
    Park J S, Alverson A J, Lee J H. 2016a. A phylogenetic re-definition of the diatom genus Bacterosira (Thalassiosirales, Bacillariophyta), with the transfer of Thalassiosira constricta based on morphological and molecular characters. Phytotaxa, 245(1): 1–16. doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.245.1.1
    Park J S, Jung S W, Ki J S, et al. 2017a. Transfer of the small diatoms Thalassiosira proschkinae and T. spinulata to the genus Minidiscus and their taxonomic re-description. PLoS ONE, 12(9): e0181980. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181980
    Park J S, Jung S W, Lee S D, et al. 2016b. Species diversity of the genus Thalassiosira (Thalassiosirales, Bacillariophyta) in South Korea and its biogeographical distribution in the world. Phycologia, 55(4): 403–423. doi: 10.2216/15-66.1
    Park J S, Lee S D, Lee J H. 2013. Taxonomic study on the euryhaline Cyclotella (Bacillariophyta) species in Korea. Journal of Ecology and Environment, 36(4): 407–419. doi: 10.5141/ecoenv.2013.407
    Park J S, Yun S M, Lee S D, et al. 2017b. New records of the diatoms (Bacillariophyta) in the brackish and coastal waters of Korea. Korean Society of Environmental Biology, 35(3): 215–226. doi: 10.11626/kjeb.2017.35.3.215
    Peters F, Arin L, Marrasé C, et al. 2006. Effects of small-scale turbulence on the growth of two diatoms of different size in a phosphorus-limited medium. Journal of Marine Systems, 61(3−4): 134–148. doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2005.11.012
    Ravizza M, Hallegraeff G. 2015. Environmental conditions influencing growth rate and stalk formation in the estuarine diatom Licmophora flabellata (Carmichael ex Greville) C. Agardh. Diatom Research, 30(2): 197–208. doi: 10.1080/0269249x.2015.1020071
    Roelofs A K. 1984. Distributional patterns and variation of valve diameter of Paralia sulcata in surface sediments of Southern British Columbia Inlets. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 18(2): 165–176,
    Round F E, Crawford R M, Mann D G. 1990. The Diatoms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1–747
    Sarthou G, Timmermans K R, Blain S, et al. 2005. Growth physiology and fate of diatoms in the ocean: a review. Journal of Sea Research, 53(1−2): 25–42. doi: 10.1016/j.seares.2004.01.007
    Schmidt A. 1874–1959. Atlas der Diatomaceen-Kunde. Leipzig: Reisland
    Seung Y H, Chung J H, Park Y C. 1990. Oceanographic studies related to the tidal front in the mid-Yellow Sea off Korea: physical aspects. The Journal of the Oceanological Society of Korea, 25(2): 84–95
    Simon N, Cras A L, Foulon E, et al. 2009. Diversity and evolution of marine phytoplankton. Comptes Rendus Biologies, 332(2–3): 159–170. doi: 10.1016/j.crvi.2008.09.009
    Sokal R R, Rohlf F J. 1962. The comparison of dendrograms by objective methods. Taxon, 11(2): 33–40. doi: 10.2307/1217208
    Sommer U, Peter K H, Genitsaris S, et al. 2017. Do marine phytoplankton follow Bergmann’s rule sensu lato?. Biological Reviews, 92(2): 1011–1026,
    Sournia A, Chrdtiennot-Dinet M J, Ricard M. 1991. Marine phytoplankton: How many species in the world ocean?. Journal of Plankton Research, 13(5): 1093–1099,
    Villareal T A, Fryxell G A. 1983. Temperature effects on the valve structure of the bipolar diatoms Thalassiosira antarctica and Porosira glacialis. Polar Biology, 2(3): 163–169. doi: 10.1007/bf00448966
    Wang Baodong, Wang Xiulin, Zhan Run. 2003. Nutrient conditions in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 58(1): 127–136,
    Yamaguchi H, Minamida M, Matsubara T, et al. 2014. Novel blooms of the diatom Asteroplanus karianus deplete nutrients from Ariake Sea coastal waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 517: 51–60. doi: 10.3354/meps11014
    Yeo H G, Kang H. 1998. Water quality and phytoplankton community waters of Inchon. Journal of Environmental Science International, 7(3): 321–326
    Yun J Y, Magaard L, Kim K, et al. 2004. Spatial and temporal variability of the North Korean cold water leading to the near-bottom cold water intrusion in Korea Strait. Progress in Oceanography, 60(1): 99–131. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2003.11.004
  • Park Supplementary information.zip
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(4)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (115) PDF downloads(18) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint