Volume 41 Issue 4
Apr.  2022
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Yuqi Wu, Jieshuo Xie, Jiexin Xu, Zhiwu Chen, Yinghui He, Shuqun Cai. Seasonal and spatial variations of kinematic parameters of internal solitary waves in the Andaman Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2022, 41(4): 14-22. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1854-7
Citation: Yuqi Wu, Jieshuo Xie, Jiexin Xu, Zhiwu Chen, Yinghui He, Shuqun Cai. Seasonal and spatial variations of kinematic parameters of internal solitary waves in the Andaman Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2022, 41(4): 14-22. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1854-7

Seasonal and spatial variations of kinematic parameters of internal solitary waves in the Andaman Sea

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1854-7
Funds:  The Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences under contract No. QYZDJ-SSW-DQC034; the Grant from Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) under contract No. GML2019ZD0304; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41521005, 41776007 and 41776008; the Guangdong Natural Science Foundation under contract No. 2020A1515010495; the Grant from Chinese Academy of Sciences under contract No. ISEE2021PY01; the Guangzhou Science and Technology Program under contract No. 201804010373; the Youth Science and Technology Innovation Talent of Guangdong TeZhi Plan under contract No. 2019TQ05H519; the Pearl River S&T Nova Program of Guangzhou under contract No. 201806010091; the Rising Star Foundation of South China Sea Institute of Oceanology under contract No. NHXX2019WL0201; the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences under contract No. 2018378; the State Key Laboratory of Tropical Oceanolography Independent Research Program under contract No. LTOZZ2001.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: manglo.xu@163.comcaisq@scsio.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2021-01-21
  • Accepted Date: 2021-04-17
  • Available Online: 2022-02-24
  • Publish Date: 2022-04-01
  • The horizontally variable density stratification and background currents are taken into the variable-coefficent extended Korteweg-de Vries (evKdV) theory to obtain the geographical and seasonal distribution of kinematic parameters of internal solitary waves in the Andaman Sea (AS). The kinematic parameters include phase speed, dispersion parameter, quadratic and cubic nonlinear parameters. It shows that the phase speed and dispersion parameter are mainly determined by the topographic feature and have limited seasonal variation. The maximum phase speed is 2.6 m/s, which occurs in the cool season (November) in the middle of the AS, while the phase speed in the cool season is slightly larger than those in other seasons, up to 11.4% larger than that in the rainy season (July) in the southern AS. The dispersion parameter in the cool season can be 22.3% larger than that in the hot season. The nonlinear parameters have significant seasonal variation, and they can even change their signs at the continental slope in the north of the AS, from season to season. Meanwhile, the algebraic solitons dominate in the AS with minimum amplitudes (aal) ranging from 0.1 m to 102 m, and the maximum aal occurs in the cool season in the southern AS. The effect of the background flow on the parameters is also studied. The background flow has a great influence on the nonlinear parameters, e.g., the value of cubic nonlinear parameter can be reduced by 1/3 when the background flow is not considered.
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