Volume 40 Issue 5
May  2021
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Article Contents
Wei Zhou, Jinghui Li, Fanghua Xu, Yeqiang Shu, Yang Feng. The impact of ocean data assimilation on seasonal predictions based on the National Climate Center climate system model[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(5): 58-70. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1732-3
Citation: Wei Zhou, Jinghui Li, Fanghua Xu, Yeqiang Shu, Yang Feng. The impact of ocean data assimilation on seasonal predictions based on the National Climate Center climate system model[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(5): 58-70. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1732-3

The impact of ocean data assimilation on seasonal predictions based on the National Climate Center climate system model

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1732-3
Funds:  The National Key Research and Development Program of China under contract Nos 2016YFA0602102 and 2016YFC1401702; the Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) under contract No. GML2019ZD0306; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41306005; CAS Pioneer Hundred Talents Program Startup Fund by South China Sea Institute of Oceanology under contract No. Y9SL011001.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: zhouwei@scsio.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-04-25
  • Accepted Date: 2020-07-23
  • Available Online: 2021-05-20
  • Publish Date: 2021-05-01
  • An ensemble optimal interpolation (EnOI) data assimilation method is applied in the BCC_CSM1.1 to investigate the impact of ocean data assimilations on seasonal forecasts in an idealized twin experiment framework. Pseudo-observations of sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface height (SSH), sea surface salinity (SSS), temperature and salinity (T/S) profiles were first generated in a free model run. Then, a series of sensitivity tests initialized with predefined bias were conducted for a one-year period; this involved a free run (CTR) and seven assimilation runs. These tests allowed us to check the analysis field accuracy against the “truth”. As expected, data assimilation improved all investigated quantities; the joint assimilation of all variables gave more improved results than assimilating them separately. One-year predictions initialized from the seven runs and CTR were then conducted and compared. The forecasts initialized from joint assimilation of surface data produced comparable SST root mean square errors to that from assimilation of T/S profiles, but the assimilation of T/S profiles is crucial to reduce subsurface deficiencies. The ocean surface currents in the tropics were better predicted when initial conditions produced by assimilating T/S profiles, while surface data assimilation became more important at higher latitudes, particularly near the western boundary currents. The predictions of ocean heat content and mixed layer depth are significantly improved initialized from the joint assimilation of all the variables. Finally, a central Pacific El Niño was well predicted from the joint assimilation of surface data, indicating the importance of joint assimilation of SST, SSH, and SSS for ENSO predictions.
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