Haddad Mahdi, Taibi Hebib. Mediterranean Sea level trends from long-period tide gauge time series[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2020, 39(1): 157-165. doi: 10.1007/s13131-020-1532-1
Citation: Haddad Mahdi, Taibi Hebib. Mediterranean Sea level trends from long-period tide gauge time series[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2020, 39(1): 157-165. doi: 10.1007/s13131-020-1532-1

Mediterranean Sea level trends from long-period tide gauge time series

doi: 10.1007/s13131-020-1532-1
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: mhaddad@cts.asal.dz, haddad_mahdi@yahoo.fr
  • Received Date: 2018-09-28
  • Accepted Date: 2018-11-30
  • Available Online: 2020-04-21
  • Publish Date: 2020-01-20
  • The main purpose of this study is to highlight, on the basis of statistical tests, the significant long-term changes of the Mediterranean Sea level, through the analysis of historical tide gauge records. In this framework, 14 tide gauge monthly series selected from the Permanent Service of the Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) database were used. The search for the presence or not of trends within these series, that have a temporal coverage from 59 to 142 years, was carried out using the Mann-Kendall test and the Sen’s slope estimator. The obtained results show that the Split Rt Marjana series are the only ones which does not exhibit a significant trend. The other 13 series show significant increasing trends. This result seems sufficient to suppose the presence, in the past century, of a new climatic phase on the scale of the Mediterranean basin, where the rising sea level is one of the consequences.
  • http://www.psmsl.org/data/obtaining/
    http://www.psmsl.org/data/obtaining/stations/61.php
    http://www.psmsl.org/data/obtaining/stations/761.php
    http://www.psmsl.org/data/obtaining/stations/353.php
  • loading
  • [1]
    Barnett T P. 1984. The estimation of "global" sea level change: a problem of uniqueness. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 89(C5): 7980–7988. doi: 10.1029/JC089iC05p07980
    [2]
    Bogdanov V I, Medvedev M Y, Solodov V A, et al. 2000. Mean monthly series of sea level observations (1777–1993) at the Kronstadt gauge. Reports of the Finnish Geodetic Institute, 34
    [3]
    Cartwright D E. 1972a. Secular changes in the oceanic tides at Brest, 1711–1936. Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomic Society, 30(4): 433–449. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1972.tb05826.x
    [4]
    Cartwright D E. 1972b. Some ocean tide measurements of the Eighteenth century, and their relevance today. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Section B: Biological Sciences, 72(1): 331–339. doi: 10.1017/S0080455X00001892
    [5]
    Cazenave A, Cabanes C, Dominh K, et al. 2001. Recent sea level change in the Mediterranean Sea revealed by TOPEX/POSEIDON satellite altimetry. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(8): 1607–1610. doi: 10.1029/2000GL012628
    [6]
    Douglas B C. 1991. Global sea level rise. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 96(C4): 6981–6992. doi: 10.1029/91JC00064
    [7]
    Ekman M. 1988. The world's longest continued series of sea level observations. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 127(1): 73–77. doi: 10.1007/BF00878691
    [8]
    Fenoglio-Marc L. 2001. Analysis and representation of regional sea-level variability from altimetry and atmospheric-oceanic data. Geophysical Journal International, 145(1): 1–18. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-246x.2001.00284.x
    [9]
    Frihy O E. 1992. Sea-level rise and shoreline retreat of the Nile Delta promontories, Egypt. Natural Hazards, 5(1): 65–81. doi: 10.1007/BF00127140
    [10]
    Frihy O E. 2003. The Nile Delta-Alexandria Coast: vulnerability to sea-level rise, consequences and adaptation. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 8(2): 115–138. doi: 10.1023/A:1026015824714
    [11]
    Galassi G, Spada G. 2014. Linear and non-linear sea-level variations in the Adriatic Sea from tide gauge records (1872-2012). Annals of Geophysics, 57(6): P0658. doi: 10.4401/ag-6536
    [12]
    Gornitz V, Lebedeff S, Hansen J. 1982. Global sea level trend in the past century. Science, 215(4540): 1611–1614. doi: 10.1126/science.215.4540.1611
    [13]
    Gutenberg B. 1941. Changes in sea level, postglacial uplift, and mobility of the earth's interior. GSA Bulletin, 52(5): 721–772. doi: 10.1130/GSAB-52-721
    [14]
    Hannah J. 1988. Analysis of mean sea level trends in New Zealand from historical tidal data. Wellington: Dept of Survey and Land Information
    [15]
    Hannah J. 1990. Analysis of mean sea level data from New Zealand for the period 1899–1988. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 95(B8): 12399–12405. doi: 10.1029/JB095iB08p12399
    [16]
    Hipel K W, McLeod A I. 1994. Time Series Modelling of Water Resources and Environmental Systems. Developments in Water Science, 45. Amsterdam: Elsevier
    [17]
    Hirsch R M, Slack J R, Smith R A. 1982. Techniques of trend Analysis for monthly water quality data. Water Resources Research, 18(1): 107–121. doi: 10.1029/WR018i001p00107
    [18]
    Holgate S J. 2007. On the decadal rates of sea level change during the twentieth century. Geophysical Research Letters, 34(1): L01602. doi: 10.1029/2006GL028492
    [19]
    Holgate S J, Matthews A, Woodworth P L,et al. 2013. New data systems and products at the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level. Journal of Coastal Research, 29(3): 493–504. doi: 10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-12-00175.1
    [20]
    Holgate S J, Woodworth P L. 2004. Evidence for enhanced coastal sea level rise during the 1990s. Geophysical Research Letters, 31(7): L07305. doi: 10.1029/2004GL019626
    [21]
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2013. Climate Change 2013: The physical science basis. http://www.climatechange2013.org [2018–07–17]
    [22]
    Kendall M G. 1975. Rank Correlation Methods. 4th ed. London: Charles Griffin.
    [23]
    Mann H B. 1945. Nonparametric tests against trend. Econometrica, 13(3): 245–259. doi: 10.2307/1907187
    [24]
    Marcos M, Tsimplis M N. 2008. Coastal sea level trends in Southern Europe. Geophysical Journal International, 175(1): 70–82. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03892.x
    [25]
    Peltier W R, Argus D F, Drummond R. 2015. Space geodesy constrains ice age terminal deglaciation: the global ICE-6G_C (VM5a) model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 120(1): 450–487. doi: 10.1002/2014JB011176
    [26]
    Peltier W R, Tushingham A M. 1991. Influence of glacial isostatic adjustment on tide gauge measurements of secular sea level change. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 96(B4): 6779–6796. doi: 10.1029/90JB02067
    [27]
    Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level ( PSMSL). 2018. Obtaining Tide gauge data. http://www.psmsl.org/data/obtaining [2018–07–17]
    [28]
    Pohlert T. 2016. Non-Parametric Trend tests and change-point detection. http://www.researchgate.net/publication/274014742_trend_Non-Parametric_Trend_Tests_and_Change-Point_Detection_R_package_version_001[2018–07–30]
    [29]
    Said M A, Moursy Z A, Radwan A A. 2012. Climate change and sea level oscillations off Alexandria, Egypt. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Marine and Coastal Ecosystem, Mar-CoastEcs2012. Tirana, Albania, 353–359
    [30]
    Salmi T, Määttä A, Antilla P, et al. 2002. Detecting trends of annual values of atmospheric pollutants by the Mann-Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimates—The Excel template application MAKESENS. Helsinki, Finland: Finnish Meteorological Institute, 35
    [31]
    Sen P K. 1968. Estimates of the regression coefficient based on Kendall's Tau. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 63(324): 1379–1389. doi: 10.2307/2285891
    [32]
    Shaltout M, Tonbol K, Omstedt A. 2015. Sea-level change and projected future flooding along the Egyptian Mediterranean coast. Oceanologia, 57(4): 293–307. doi: 10.1016/j.oceano.2015.06.004
    [33]
    Tabari H, Marofi S, Ahmadi M. 2011. Long-term variations of water quality parameters in the Maroon River, Iran. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 177(1–4): 273–287. doi: 10.1007/s10661-010-1633-y
    [34]
    Trupin A, Wahr J. 1990. Spectroscopic analysis of global tide gauge sea level data. Geophysical Journal International, 100(3): 441–453. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1990.tb00697.x
    [35]
    Tsimplis M N, Baker T F. 2000. Sea level drop in the Mediterranean Sea: An indicator of deep water salinity and temperature changes? . Geophysical Research Letters, 27(12): 1731–1734. doi: 10.1029/1999GL007004
    [36]
    Tsimplis M N, Josey S A. 2001. Forcing of the Mediterranean Sea by atmospheric oscillations over the North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(5): 803–806. doi: 10.1029/2000GL012098
    [37]
    Van Veen J. 1954. Tide-gauges, subsidence-gauges and flood-stones in the Netherlands. In: Geologie En Mijnbouw (New Series). Netherlands: Koninklijk Nederlands Geologisch Mijnbouwkundig Genootschap, Vol 16: 214−219
    [38]
    Woodworth P L. 1999a. A study of changes in high water levels and tides at Liverpool during the last two hundred and thirty years with some historical background. Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory Report, (56): 68
    [39]
    Woodworth P L. 1999b. High waters at Liverpool since 1768: the UK’s longest sea level record. Geophysical Research Letters, 26(11): 1589–1592. doi: 10.1029/1999GL900323
    [40]
    Woodworth P L. 2003. Some comments on the long sea level records from the Northern Mediterranean. Journal of Coastal Research, 19(1): 212–217
    [41]
    Wöppelmann G. 1997. Rattachement géodésique des marégraphes dans un système de référence mondial par techniques de géodésie spatiale [dissertation]. France: Observatoire de Paris
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(2)  / Tables(4)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (205) PDF downloads(100) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return