HE Hailun, WU Qiaoyan, CHEN Dake, SUN Jia, LIANG Chujin, JIN Weifang, XU Yao. Effects of surface waves and sea spray on air-sea fluxes during the passage of Typhoon Hagupit[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(5): 1-7. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1208-2
Citation: HE Hailun, WU Qiaoyan, CHEN Dake, SUN Jia, LIANG Chujin, JIN Weifang, XU Yao. Effects of surface waves and sea spray on air-sea fluxes during the passage of Typhoon Hagupit[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(5): 1-7. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1208-2

Effects of surface waves and sea spray on air-sea fluxes during the passage of Typhoon Hagupit

doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1208-2
  • Received Date: 2016-11-15
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-12-28
  • Air-sea exchange plays a vital role in the development and maintenance of tropical cyclones (TCs). Although studies have suggested the dependence of air-sea fluxes on surface waves and sea spray, how these processes modify those fluxes under TC conditions have not been sufficiently investigated based on in-situ observations. Using continuous meteorological and surface wave data from a moored buoy in the northern South China Sea, this study examines the effects of surface waves and sea spray on air-sea fluxes during the passage of Typhoon Hagupit. The mooring was within about 40 km of the center of Hagupit. Surface waves could increase momentum flux to the ocean by about 15%, and sea spray enhanced both sensible and latent heat fluxes to the atmosphere, causing Hagupit to absorb 500 W/m2 more heat flux from the ocean. These results have powerful implications for understanding TC-ocean interaction and improving TC intensity forecasting.
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