ZHOU Hao, WEN Biyang. Wave height estimation using the singular peaks in the sea echoes of high frequency radar[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(1): 108-114. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1161-0
Citation: ZHOU Hao, WEN Biyang. Wave height estimation using the singular peaks in the sea echoes of high frequency radar[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(1): 108-114. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1161-0

Wave height estimation using the singular peaks in the sea echoes of high frequency radar

doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1161-0
  • Received Date: 2016-11-07
  • The popular methods to estimate wave height with high-frequency (HF) radar depend on the integration over the second-order spectral region and thus may come under from even not strong external interference. To improve the accuracy and increase the valid detection range of the wave height measurement, particularly by the small-aperture radar, it is turned to singular peaks which often exceed the power of other frequency components. The power of three kinds of singular peaks, i.e., those around ±1, ±√2 and ±1/√2 times the Bragg frequency, are retrieved from a one-month-long radar data set collected by an ocean state monitoring and analyzing radar, model S (OSMAR-S), and in situ buoy records are used to make some comparisons. The power response to a wave height is found to be described with a new model quite well, by which obvious improvement on the wave height estimation is achieved. With the buoy measurements as reference, a correlation coefficient is increased to 0.90 and a root mean square error (RMSE) is decreased to 0.35 m at the range of 7.5 km compared with the results by the second-order method. The further analysis of the fitting performance across range suggests that the √2 peak has the best fit and maintains a good performance as far as 40 km. The correlation coefficient is 0.78 and the RMSE is 0.62 m at 40 km. These results show the effectiveness of the new empirical method, which opens a new way for the wave height estimation with the HF radar.
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