SU Long, ZHANG Dongwei, YANG Haizhang, CHEN Ying, CHEN Guojun, ZHENG Jianjing, XU Yongchang. Chemical kinetics evaluation and its application of natural gas generation derived from the Yacheng Formation in the deep-water area of the Qiongdongnan Basin, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(1): 50-59. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1158-8
Citation: SU Long, ZHANG Dongwei, YANG Haizhang, CHEN Ying, CHEN Guojun, ZHENG Jianjing, XU Yongchang. Chemical kinetics evaluation and its application of natural gas generation derived from the Yacheng Formation in the deep-water area of the Qiongdongnan Basin, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(1): 50-59. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1158-8

Chemical kinetics evaluation and its application of natural gas generation derived from the Yacheng Formation in the deep-water area of the Qiongdongnan Basin, China

doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1158-8
  • Received Date: 2017-01-20
  • The natural gas generation process is simulated by heating source rocks of the Yacheng Formation, including the onshore-offshore mudstone and coal with kerogens of Type II2-III in the Qiongdongnan Basin. The aim is to quantify the natural gas generation from the Yacheng Formation and to evaluate the geological prediction and kinetic parameters using an optimization procedure based on the basin modeling of the shallow-water area. For this, the hydrocarbons produced have been grouped into four classes (C1, C2, C3 and C4-6). The results show that the onset temperature of methane generation is predicted to occur at 110℃ during the thermal history of sediments since 5.3 Ma by using data extrapolation. The hydrocarbon potential for ethane, propane and heavy gaseous hydrocarbons (C4-6) is found to be almost exhausted at geological temperature of 200℃ when the transformation ratio (TR) is over 0.8, but for which methane is determined to be about 0.5 in the shallow-water area. In contrast, the end temperature of the methane generation in the deep-water area was over 300℃ with a TR over 0.8. It plays an important role in the natural gas exploration of the deep-water basin and other basins in the broad ocean areas of China. Therefore, the natural gas exploration for the deep-water area in the Qiongdongnan Basin shall first aim at the structural traps in the Ledong, Lingshui and Beijiao sags, and in the forward direction of the structure around the sags, and then gradually develop toward the non-structural trap in the deep-water area basin of the broad ocean areas of China.
  • loading
  • Behar F, Vandenbroucke M, Tang Y, et al. 1997. Thermal cracking of kerogen in open and closed systems: determination of kinetic parameters and stoichiometric coefficients for oil and gas generation. Organic Geochemistry, 26(5-6): 321-339
    Berner U, Faber E, Scheeder G, et al. 1995. Primary cracking of algal and landplant kerogens: kinetic models of isotope variations in methane, ethane and propane. Chemical Geology, 126(3-4): 233-245
    Braun R L, Burnham A K. 1987. Analysis of chemical reaction kinetics using a distribution of activation energies and simpler models. Energy & Fuels, 1(2): 153-161
    Braun R L, Burnham A K. 1992. PMOD: a flexible model of oil and gas generation, cracking, and expulsion. Organic Geochemistry, 19(1-3): 161-172
    Dieckmann V, Fowler M, Horsfield B. 2004. Predicting the composition of natural gas generated by the Duvernay Formation (Western Canada Sedimentary Basin) using a compositional kinetic approach. Organic Geochemistry, 35(7): 845-862
    Forbes P L, Ungerer P M, Kuhfuss A B, et al. 1991. Compositional modeling of petroleum generation and expulsion: trial application to a local mass balance in the Smorbukk sor field, Haltenbanken area, Norway. AAPG Bulletin, 75(5): 873-893
    Gong Zaisheng, Li Sitian, Xie Xinong, et al. 1997. Continental Margin Basin Analysis and Hydrocarbon Accumulation of the Northern South China Sea (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press, 1-126
    He Lijuan, Wang Kelin, Xiong Liangping, et al. 2001. Heat flow and thermal history of the South China Sea. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 126(3-4): 211-220
    Hu Bo, Wang Liangshu, Yan Wenbo, et al. 2013. The tectonic evolution of the Qiongdongnan Basin in the northern margin of the South China Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 77: 163-182
    Hu Zhongliang, Xiao Xianming, Huang Baojia, et al. 2005. Acquirement of fluid inclusion paleo-pressure and it relation to reservoiring-Taking YA 21-1 structure in Qiongdongnan basin as an example. Natural Gas Industry (in Chinese), 25(6): 28-31
    Huang Baojia, Li Xushen, Wang Zhenfeng, et al. 2012. Source rock geochemistry and gas potential in the deep water area, Qiongdongnan Basin. China Offshore Oil and Gas (in Chinese), 24(4): 1-7
    Huang Baojia, Xiao Xianming, Li Xuxuan. 2003. Geochemistry and origins of natural gases in the Yinggehai and Qiongdongnan basins, offshore South China Sea. Organic Geochemistry, 34(7): 1009-1025
    Krooss B M, Leythaeuser D, Lillack H. 1993. Nitrogen-rich natural gases. Qualitative and quantitative aspects of natural gas accumulation in reservoirs. Erdöl und Kohle, Erdgas, Petrochemie vereinigt mit Brennstoff-Chemie, 46(7-8): 271-276
    Krooss B M, Littke R, Müller B, et al. 1995. Generation of nitrogen and methane from sedimentary organic matter: implications on the dynamics of natural gas accumulations. Chemical Geology, 126(3-4): 291-318
    Li Dong, Wang Yingmin, Wang Yongfeng, et al. 2011. The sedimentary and foreground of prospect for Levee-Overbank in Central Canyon, Qiongdongnan Basin. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica (in Chinese), 29(4): 689-694
    Li Xianqing, Xiao Xianming, Mi Jingkui, et al. 2008. Kinetic parameters of methane generated from source rocks in the Kuqa depression of Tarim basin and their application. Acta Geologica Sinica, 82(1): 154-163
    Pepper A S, Corvi P J. 1995. Simple kinetic models of petroleum formation. Part I: oil and gas generation from kerogen. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 12(3): 291-319
    Schaefer R G, Galushkin Y I, Kolloffa A, et al. 1999. Reaction kinetics of gas generation in selected source rocks of the West Siberian Basin: implications for the mass balance of early-thermogenic methane. Chemical Geology, 156(1-4): 41-65
    Schaefer R G, Schenk H J, Hardelauf H, et al. 1990. Determination of gross kinetic parameters for petroleum formation from Jurassic source rocks of different maturity levels by means of laboratory experiments. Organic Geochemistry, 16(1-3): 115-120
    Schenk H J, Dieckmann V. 2004. Prediction of petroleum formation: the influence of laboratory heating rates on kinetic parameters and geological extrapolations. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 21(1): 79-95
    Schenk H J, Horsfield B. 1998. Using natural maturation series to evaluate the utility of parallel reaction kinetics models: an investigation of Toarcian shales and carboniferous coals, Germany. Organic Geochemistry, 29(1-3): 137-154
    Shi Xiaobin, Qiu Xuelin, Xia Kanyuan, et al. 2003. Characteristics of surface heat flow in the South China Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 22(3): 265-277
    Su Long, Zheng Jianjing, Chen Guojun, et al. 2012a. The upper limit of maturity of natural gas generation and its implication for the Yacheng formation in the Qiongdongnan Basin, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 54-55: 203-213
    Su Long, Zheng Jianjing, Wang Qi, et al. 2012b. Formation mechanism and research progress on overpressure in the Qiongdongnan Basin. Natural Gas Geoscience (in Chinese), 23(4): 662-672
    Sweeney J J, Burnham A K. 1990. Evaluation of a simple model of vitrinite reflectance based on chemical kinetics. AAPG Bulletin, 74(10): 1559-1570
    Ungerer P, Pelet R. 1987. Extrapolation of the kinetics of oil and gas formation from laboratory experiments to sedimentary basins. Nature, 327(6117): 52-54
    Whiticar M J. 1990. A geochemial perspective of natural gas and atmospheric methane. Organic Geochemistry, 16(1-3): 531-547
    Wu Jingfu, Yang Shuchun, Zhang Gongcheng, et al. 2013. Geothermal history and thermal evolution of the source rocks in the deep-water area of the northern South China Sea. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 56(1): 170-180
    Wu Shiguo, Yuan Shengqiang, Zhang Gongcheng, et al. 2009. Seismic characteristics of a reef carbonate reservoir and implications for hydrocarbon exploration in deepwater of the Qiongdongnan Basin, Northern South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 26(6): 817-823
    Xie Yuhong, Wang Zhenfeng, Tong Chuanxin. 2008. Petroleum geology of Yacheng 13-1, the largest gas field in China's offshore region. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 25(4-5): 433-444
    Yuan Yusong, Zhu Weilin, Mi Lijun, et al. 2009. “Uniform geothermal gradient” and heat flow in the Qiongdongnan and Pearl River Mouth Basins of the South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 26(7): 1152-1162
    Zhang Gongcheng, He Yuping, Shen Huailei, et al. 2012. Distribution of Yachen formation coal measure in Yabei sag in Qiongdongnan Basin. Natural Gas Geoscience, 23(4): 654-661
    Zhang Gongcheng, Mi Lijun, Wu Shiguo, et al. 2007. Deepwater area-the new prospecting targets of northern continental margin of South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 28(2): 15-21
    Zhang Gongcheng, Zhu Weilin, Mi Lijun, et al. 2010. The theory of hydrocarbon generation controlled by source rock and heat from circle distribution of outside-oil fields and inside-gas fields in South China Sea. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica (in Chinese), 28(5): 987-1005
    Zhang Gongcheng, Zhang Yina, Shen Huailei, et al. 2014. An analysis of natural gas exploration potential in the Qiongdongnan Basin by use of the theory of “joint control of source rocks and geothermal heat”. Natural Gas Industry: B, 1(1): 41-50
    Zhang Gongcheng, Zhang Houhe, Zhao Zhao, et al. 2016. “Joint control of source rocks and geothermal heat”-Oil enrichment pattern of China's offshore basins. China Petroleum Exploration (in Chinese), 21(4): 38-53
    Zhao Zhongxian, Sun Zhen, Wang Zhenfeng, et al. 2015. The high resolution sedimentary filling in Qiongdongnan Basin, Northern South China Sea. Marine Geology, 361: 11-24
    Zhu Weilin, Zhang Gongcheng, Gao Le. 2008. Geological characteristics and exploration objectives of hydrocarbons in the northern continental margin basin of South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 29(1): 1-9
    Zhu Weilin, Zhang Gongcheng, Yang Shaokun, et al. 2007. Natural Gas Geology of the Continental Margin Basin, North of South Sea, China (in Chinese). Beijing: China Petroleum Industry Press, 1-391
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (973) PDF downloads(693) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint