WU Xiaochuan, PU Renhai, CHEN Ying, QU Hongjun, SHEN Huailei. Seismic analysis of early-mid Miocene carbonate platform in the southern Qiongdongnan Basin, South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(2): 54-65. doi: 10.1007/s13131-017-1128-6
Citation: WU Xiaochuan, PU Renhai, CHEN Ying, QU Hongjun, SHEN Huailei. Seismic analysis of early-mid Miocene carbonate platform in the southern Qiongdongnan Basin, South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(2): 54-65. doi: 10.1007/s13131-017-1128-6

Seismic analysis of early-mid Miocene carbonate platform in the southern Qiongdongnan Basin, South China Sea

doi: 10.1007/s13131-017-1128-6
  • Received Date: 2016-10-30
  • Rev Recd Date: 2011-10-07
  • The southern uplift of the Qiongdongnan Basin is a deepwater area in which no wells have beens drilled. The Miocene-Quaternary strata in the Xisha Islands, which are located 40-100 km to the south, are composed of carbonate reef formations. Paleotectonic and paleogeographic analyses of the basin suggest that the southern uplift experienced favorable geological conditions for the development of carbonate reefs during the Miocene. The high-impedance carbonates have high amplitudes and low frequencies on seismic profiles. The reefs are distributed on paleotectonic highs and are thicker than the contemporaneous formations. A forward model of the variation in carbonate thickness based on lithological and velocity information from wells in nearby regions can simulate the seismic response of carbonates with different thicknesses. We identified several important controlling points for determining the thickness of carbonates from seismic profiles, including the pinchout point, the λ/4 thickness point, and the λ/2 thickness point. We depict a carbonate thickness map in the deepwater area of the southern Qiongdongnan Basin based on this model. The carbonate thickness map, the paleotectonic and paleogeographic background, and the seismic response characteristics of reefs suggest that the carbonates that developed on the southern uplift of the Qiongdongnan Basin during the Miocene were mainly an isolated carbonate platform peninsula and ramp deposits. It consisted of gentle ramp platform, steep slope platform, platform depression, gravity flow, and reef bank facies.
  • loading
  • Brown A R. 2011. Interpretation of Three-dimensional Seismic Data. Texas: Society of Exploration Geophysicists and American Association of Petroleum Geologists
    Chen Ping, Li Xushen, Wang Yahui, et al. 2015. Characteristics and distribution patterns of reef complexes on the carbonate platform margin in deep water areas: the western South China Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34(10): 71-80
    Chen Lei, Lu Yongchao, Wang Zhenfeng, et al. 2011. Structure of carbonate platform margin and characteristics of reef and their controlling factors in western deep-water region of South China Sea. Petroleum Geology & Experiment (in Chinese), 33(6): 607-612
    Friedman G M. 1977. Carbonate facies in geologic history. Earth-Science Reviews, 13(1): 109-110
    Fyhn M B W, Boldreel L O, Nielsen L H, et al. 2013. Carbonate platform growth and demise offshore Central Vietnam: effects of early miocene transgression and subsequent onshore uplift. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 76: 152-168
    Guan Shicong, Yan Huaiyu, Qiu Dongzhou, et al. 1980. Investigations on the marine sedimentary environmental model of China in late Proterozoic to Triassic periods. Oil & Gas Geology (in Chinese), 1(1): 2-17
    Irwin M L. 1965. General theory of epeiric clear water sedimentation. AAPG Bulletin, 49(4): 445-459
    Li Yamin, Shi Xiaobin, Xu Huilong, et al. 2012. Temporal and spatial distribution of tectonic subsidence and discussion on formation mechanism of anomalous post-rift tectonic subsidence in the Qiongdongnan Basin. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 42(1): 47-57
    Liu Baoming, Xia Bin, Jin Qinghuan, et al. 2003. Basin tectonic evolution and hydrocarbon prospect of the carbonate reservoirs in South China Sea. Marine Origin Petroleum Geology (in Chinese), 8(1-2): 10-16
    Lu Yintao, Yang Taotao, Li Li. 2010. Seismic indentification of carbonate reservoirs in Xisha sea area. Lithologic Reservoirs (in Chinese), 22(S): 131-133
    Ma Yubo, Wu Shiguo, Xing Shuwen, et al. 2012. Stratigraphic model and seismic characteristics of the mixed sedimentation in the slope area of North South China Sea. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) (in Chinese), 42(S1): 88-95
    Mi Lijun, Zeng Qingbo, Yang Haichang. 2013. Types of organic reef and exploration direction in Zhujiang Formation of Dongsha uplift. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 34(S2): 24-31
    Qiu Yan, Wang Yingmin. 2001. Reefs and paleostructure and paleoenvironment in the South China Sea. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology (in Chinese), 21(1): 65-73
    Steuer S, Franke D, Meresse F, et al. 2014. Oligocene-Miocene carbonates and their role for constraining the rifting and collision history of the Dangerous Grounds, South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 58: 644-657
    Tang Wu, Wang Yingmin, Yang Caihong, et al. 2013. Evolution and main controlling factors of reef in the southern deepwater of Qiongdongnan Basin. Natural Gas Geoscience (in Chinese), 24(5): 965-974
    Wang Dawei, Wu Shiguo, Wang Yingmin, et al. 2015. Deep-water sediment cycles in the Qiongdongnan Basin. Chinese Science Bulletin, 60(10): 933-943
    Wei Xi, Zhu Yongjun, Yin Jihong, et al. 2006. Constrains and growing trend of biological reef in South China Sea Basin. Special Oil and Gas Reservoirs (in Chinese), 13(1): 10-15
    Widess M B. 1973. How thin is a thin bed?. Geophysics, 38(6): 1176-1180
    Wu Shiguo, Yuan Shengqiang, Dong Dongdong, et al. 2009. The Miocene reef development characteristics in northern South China Sea. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 40(2): 117-121
    Xi Minhong, Zhou Xinghai, Wang Lin, et al. 2014. Bioherm developmental mode in deepwater area of Qiongdongnan Basin. Petroleum Geology & Experiment (in Chinese), 36(4): 435-441
    Yang Taotao, Lv Fuliang, Wang Bin, et al. 2010. Modeling and controlling factors of Miocene mixed sediments in western deepwater area, Northern South China Sea. Marine Origin Petroleum Geology (in Chinese), 15(4): 30-34
    Zampetti V, Schlager W, van Konijnenburg J H, et al. 2004. Architecture and growth history of a Miocene carbonate platform from 3D seismic reflection data; Luconia province, offshore Sarawak, Malaysia. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 21(5): 517-534
    Zhang Gongcheng, Qu Hongjun Liu Shixiang, et al. 2015. Tectonic cycle of marginal sea controlled the hydrocarbon accumulation in deep-water areas of South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 36(5): 533-545
    Zhang Yonggui, Song Zaichao, Zhou Xiaojin, et al. 2011. Identification of reef in Miocene, south of Qiongdongnan Basin. Petroleum Geology & Experiment (in Chinese), 33(3): 307-309
    Zhao Qiang. 2010. The sedimentary research about reef car-bonatite in Xisha islands waters (in Chinese) [dissertation]. Qingdao: Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Zhou Xinghai, Yu Xuebing, Wang Lin, et al. 2013. Study on reef growth environment and distribution characteristic in deepwater area of the Qiongdongnan Basin. Offshore Oil (in Chinese), 33(4): 1-5
    Burgess P W, Winefield P, Minzoni M, et al. 2013. Methods for identification of isolated carbonate buildups from seismic reflection data. AAPG bulletin, 97(7): 1071-1098
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (869) PDF downloads(504) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint