TONG Jinlu, CHEN Min, YANG Weifeng, ZHANG Run, PAN Hong, ZHENG Minfang, QIU Yusheng, HU Wangjiang, ZENG Jian. Accumulation of freshwater in the permanent ice zone of the Canada Basin during summer 2008[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2017, 36(8): 101-108. doi: 10.1007/s13131-017-1023-1
Citation: TONG Jinlu, CHEN Min, YANG Weifeng, ZHANG Run, PAN Hong, ZHENG Minfang, QIU Yusheng, HU Wangjiang, ZENG Jian. Accumulation of freshwater in the permanent ice zone of the Canada Basin during summer 2008[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2017, 36(8): 101-108. doi: 10.1007/s13131-017-1023-1

Accumulation of freshwater in the permanent ice zone of the Canada Basin during summer 2008

doi: 10.1007/s13131-017-1023-1
  • Received Date: 2016-05-27
  • A combination of δ18O and salinity data was employed to explore the freshwater balance in the Canada Basin in summer 2008. The Arctic river water and Pacific river water were quantitatively distinguished by using different saline end-members. The fractions of total river water, including the Arctic and Pacific river water, were high in the upper 50 m and decreased with depth as well as increasing latitude. In contrast, the fraction of Pacific river water increased gradually with depth but decreased toward north. The inventory of total river water in the Canada Basin was higher than other arctic seas, indicating that Canada Basin was a main storage region for river water in the Arctic Ocean. The fraction of Arctic river water was higher than Pacific river water in the upper 50 m while the opposite was true below 50 m. As a result, the inventories of Pacific river water were higher than those of Arctic river water, demonstrating that the Pacific inflow through the Bering Strait is the main source of freshwater in the Canada Basin. Both the river water and sea-ice melted water in the permanent ice zone were more abundant than those in the region with sea-ice just melted. The fractions of total river water, Arctic river water, Pacific river water increased northward to the north of 82°N, indicating an additional source of river water in the permanent ice zone of the northern Canada Basin. A possible reason for the extra river water in the permanent ice zone is the lateral advection of shelf waters by the Trans-Polar Drift. The penetration depth of sea-ice melted waters was less than 30 m in the southern Canada Basin, while it extended to 125 m in the northern Canada Basin. The inventory of sea-ice melted water suggested that sea-ice melted waters were also accumulated in the permanent ice zone, attributing to the trap of earlier melted waters in the permanent ice zone via the Beaufort Gyre.
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