LIU Xiaolei, ZHU Chaoqi, ZHENG Jiewen, GUO Lei, YIN Ping, JIA Yonggang. The observations of seabed sediment erosion and resuspension processes in the Jiaozhou Bay in China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2017, 36(11): 79-85. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-1072-5
Citation: LIU Xiaolei, ZHU Chaoqi, ZHENG Jiewen, GUO Lei, YIN Ping, JIA Yonggang. The observations of seabed sediment erosion and resuspension processes in the Jiaozhou Bay in China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2017, 36(11): 79-85. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-1072-5

The observations of seabed sediment erosion and resuspension processes in the Jiaozhou Bay in China

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-1072-5
  • Received Date: 2016-04-09
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-01-04
  • In estuarine and coastal areas, the seabed is in a constant process of dynamic change under marine conditions. Seabed sediment erosion and resuspension are important processes that safely control the geological environment. Field tripod observations conducted in the Jiaozhou Bay in China are reported, to investigate the effects of hydrodynamic conditions on the erosion and resuspension processes of the seabed. The observational results show that the maximum shear stress created by tidal currents can reach 0.35 N/m2, which is higher than the wave-induced shear stress during fair weather conditions. A seabed erosion frequently occurs during the flood tide, whereas a seabed deposition occurs during ebb tide. Waves can produce a bottom shear stress approximately equivalent to that induced by currents when the local wind reaches Force 4 with a speed of 5 m/s. When the wind reaches 7 m/s and the significant wave height reaches 26 cm, waves play a more significant role than currents in the dynamic processes of the seabed sediment resuspension and lead to a high value of turbidity that is approximately two to eight times higher than that in fair weather. These analyses clearly illustrate that periodic current-induced sediment erosion and resuspension are dominant in fair weather, whereas episodic high waves are responsible for significant sediment resuspension. Additional work is needed to establish a more thorough understanding of the mechanisms of sediment dynamics in the Jiaozhou Bay.
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