DUAN Yongliang, LIU Hongwei, YU Weidong, HOU Yijun. Eddy properties in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean from satellite altimetry data[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(11): 28-34. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0946-2
Citation: DUAN Yongliang, LIU Hongwei, YU Weidong, HOU Yijun. Eddy properties in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean from satellite altimetry data[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(11): 28-34. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0946-2

Eddy properties in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean from satellite altimetry data

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0946-2
  • Received Date: 2015-10-23
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-05-31
  • Mesoscale eddies play a key role in the ocean dynamics of the Southern Ocean, and eddy response to the climate changes has also been widely noted. Both eddy kinetic energy (EKE) and eddy detection algorithm are used to study the eddy properties in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean. Consistent with previous works, the maps of the EKE illustrate that higher energy confines to the Antarctic Polar Frontal Zone (APFZ) and decreases progressively from west to east. It also shows that the most significant increase in the EKE occurs in the western and central parts of the Pacific sector, where the baroclinicity of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) is much stronger. Statistical eddy properties reveal that both of the spatial pattern and interannual variation of the EKE are primarily due to the eddy amplitude and the eddy rotational speed, rather than the eddy number or the eddy radius. In general, these results furtherly confirm that anomalous westerly wind forcing associated with the positive Southern Annular Mode (SAM) index enhances the Southern Ocean eddy activity by strengthening the eddy properties.
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