CUI Wei, YANG Jungang, MA Yi. A statistical analysis of mesoscale eddies in the Bay of Bengal from 22-year altimetry data[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(11): 16-27. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0945-3
Citation: CUI Wei, YANG Jungang, MA Yi. A statistical analysis of mesoscale eddies in the Bay of Bengal from 22-year altimetry data[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(11): 16-27. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0945-3

A statistical analysis of mesoscale eddies in the Bay of Bengal from 22-year altimetry data

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0945-3
  • Received Date: 2015-10-08
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-12-31
  • Eddy properties in the Bay of Bengal are studied from 22 a archiving, validation and interpretation of satellite oceanographic (AVISO) data using a sea level anomaly (SLA)-based eddy identification. A geographical distribution and an eddy polarity, an eddy lifetime and propagation distances, eddy origins and terminations, eddy propagation directions and trajectories, eddy kinetic properties, the evolution of eddy properties, seasonal and interannual variabilities of eddy activities are analyzed in this area. Eddies exist principally in the western Bay of Bengal and most of them propagate westward. The polarity distribution of eddies shows cyclones prefer to occur in the northwest and south of the Bay of Bengal, while anticyclones mainly occur in the east of the bay. Five hundred and sixty-five cyclones and 389 anticyclones with the lifetime that exceeds 30 d are detected during the 22 a period, and there is a preference for the cyclones for all lifetime and propagation distances. The kinetic properties of all observed eddies show the average amplitude of the cyclones is larger than that of the anticyclones, whereas that is opposite for average radius, and their average velocities are basically the same. Moreover, the evolution of eddies properties reveals that the eddies with a long lifetime that exceeds 90 d have a significant double-stage feature of the former 50 d growth period and the dying period after 50 d. For the seasonal variability of the eddies, the cyclones occur more often in spring while the anticyclones occur more often in summer. The analysis of long-lived eddy seasonal distributions shows that there is the obvious seasonal variation of the eddy activities in the Bay of Bengal. The interannual variability of an eddy number shows an obvious negative correlation with the EKE variation.
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