YE Liangtao, YU Ge, LIAO Mengna, LI Yongfei. Dynamic simulations of the late MIS 3 transgressions in the East China Sea and southern Yellow Sea, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(10): 48-55. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0919-5
Citation: YE Liangtao, YU Ge, LIAO Mengna, LI Yongfei. Dynamic simulations of the late MIS 3 transgressions in the East China Sea and southern Yellow Sea, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(10): 48-55. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0919-5

Dynamic simulations of the late MIS 3 transgressions in the East China Sea and southern Yellow Sea, China

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0919-5
  • Received Date: 2015-12-20
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-05-05
  • Abundant evidences of higher sea levels from Jiangsu and Fujian coasts have proved a marine transgression event during 30-40 ka BP, suggesting that there was a stage with high sea level and a warm climate when ice sheets shrank in the Northern Hemisphere. The duration of 30-40 ka BP spanned a period in the late Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3) and was in nature an interstadial epoch during the Last Glacial period of the Quaternary. Different from the glacial period with a cold climate, this marine transgression considered as a penultimate higher sea level during the Quaternary remains a puzzle that why the evidence is contrary to the Quaternary glacial theory. It is important to understand sea level rise for these areas sensitively responding to the global changes in the future. To recognize the key issues on sea level changes, the eustatic sea level (HS) was defined as the glaciation-climate-forced sea levels, and the relative sea level change (HR) was defined as that a sea level record was preserved in sediment that experienced multiple secondary actions of land and sea effects. On the basis as defined above, we constructed multi-level models of climate-driven glacio-eustatic changes and land-sea systems. By integrating data sets from eight borehole cores and prescribing the boundary conditions, we simulated the changes of HS and HR in the East China Sea and southern Yellow Sea areas in the late MIS 3. The marine transgression strata from the borehole core data was identified at ca. 30 m below present sea level as a result of the collective influence of ice melting water, neotectonic subsidence, sediment compaction and terrestrial sediment filling since ca. 35 ka ago, whereas the simulated relative sea-levels turned out to be-26.3--29.9 m a.s.l. The small error involved in the simulation results of ±(2.5-4.5) m demonstrated the credibility of the results. Our results indicated that sea level change in the late MIS 3 was dominated by glacial effects, in which the eustatic sea-level was between-19.2--22.1 m a.s.l. The study sheds light on the nature of sea-level changes along the east coast of China in the late MIS 3 and contributes to understanding the characteristics of marine transgression under the effects of multiple complex land-sea interactions.
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