SONG Guodong, LIU Sumei. Phosphorus speciation and distribution in surface sediments of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea and potential impacts on ecosystem[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2015, 34(4): 84-91. doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0653-4
Citation: SONG Guodong, LIU Sumei. Phosphorus speciation and distribution in surface sediments of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea and potential impacts on ecosystem[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2015, 34(4): 84-91. doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0653-4

Phosphorus speciation and distribution in surface sediments of the Yellow Sea and East China Sea and potential impacts on ecosystem

doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0653-4
  • Received Date: 2014-02-18
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-07-04
  • For better understanding the phosphorus (P) cycle and its impacts on one of the most important fishing grounds and pressures on the marine ecosystem in the Yellow Sea (YS) and East China Sea (ECS), it is essential to distinguish the contents of different P speciation in sediments and have the knowledge of its distribution and bioavailability. In this study, the modified SEDEX procedure was employed to quantify the different forms of P in sediments. The contents of phosphorus fractions in surface sediments were 0.20-0.89 μmol/g for exchangeable-P (Exch-P), 0.37-2.86 μmol/g for Fe-bound P (Fe-P), 0.61-3.07 μmol/g for authigenic Ca-P (ACa-P), 6.39-13.73 μmol/g for detrital-P (DAP) and 0.54-10.06 μmol/g for organic P (OP). The distribution of Exch-P, Fe-P and OP seemed to be similar. The concentrations of Exch-P, Fe-P and OP were slightly higher in the Yellow Sea than that in the East China Sea, and low concentrations could be observed in the middle part of the ECS and southwest off Cheju Island. The distribution of ACa-P was different from those of Exch-P, Fe-P and OP. DAP was the major fraction of sedimentary P in the research region. The sum of Exch-P, Fe-P and OP may be thought to be potentially bioavailable P in the research region. The percentage of bioavailable P in TP ranged from 13% to 61%. Bioavailable P burial flux that appeared regional differences was affected by sedimentation rates, porosity and bioavailable P content, and the distribution of bioavailable P burial flux were almost the same as that of TP burial flux.
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