CHEN Bingzhang, HUANG Bangqin, XIE Yuyuan, GUO Cui, SONG Shuqun, LI Hongbo, LIU Hongbin. The bacterial abundance and production in the East China Sea: seasonal variations and relationships with the phytoplankton biomass and production[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2014, 33(9): 166-177. doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0528-0
Citation: CHEN Bingzhang, HUANG Bangqin, XIE Yuyuan, GUO Cui, SONG Shuqun, LI Hongbo, LIU Hongbin. The bacterial abundance and production in the East China Sea: seasonal variations and relationships with the phytoplankton biomass and production[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2014, 33(9): 166-177. doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0528-0

The bacterial abundance and production in the East China Sea: seasonal variations and relationships with the phytoplankton biomass and production

doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0528-0
  • Received Date: 2013-02-07
  • Rev Recd Date: 2013-05-20
  • The East China Sea is a productive marginal sea with a wide continental shelf and plays an important role in absorbing atmospheric carbon dioxide and transferring terrigenous organic matter to the open ocean. To investigate the roles of heterotrophic bacteria in the biogeochemical dynamics in the East China Sea, bacterial biomasses (BB) and productions (BP) were measured in four cruises. The spatial distributions of the BB and the BP were highly season-dependent. Affected by the Changjiang River discharge, the BB and the BP were high in shelf waters (bottom depth not deeper than 50 m) and generally decreased offshore in August 2009. In December 2009 to January 2010, and November to December 2010, the BB and the BP were high in waters with medium bottom depth. The onshore-offshore decreasing trends of the BB and the BP also existed in May-June 2011, when the BB was significantly higher than in other cruises in shelf break waters (bottom depth deeper than 50 m but not deeper than 200 m). The results of generalized additive models (GAM) suggest that the BB increased with the temperature at a range of 8-20℃, increased with the chlorophyll concentration at a range of 0.02-3.00 mg/m3 and then declining, and decreased with the salinity from 28 to 35. The relationship between the temperature and the log-transformed bacterial specific growth rate (SGR) was linear. The estimated temperature coefficient (Q10) of the SGR was similar with that of the phytoplankton growth. The SGR also increased with the chlorophyll concentration. The ratio of the bacterial to phytoplankton production ranged from less than 0.01 to 0.40, being significantly higher in November-December 2010 than in May-June 2011. Calculated from the bacterial production and growth efficiency, the bacterial respiration consumed, on average, 59%, 72% and 23% of the primary production in August 2009, November-December 2010, and May-June 2011, respectively.
  • loading
  • Allen A P, Gillooly J F, Brown J H. 2005. Linking the global carbon cycle to individual metabolism. Functional Ecology, 19: 202-213
    Bai Xiaoge, Wang Min, Ma Jingjing, et al. 2007. Virioplankton abundance in winter and spring in Changjiang River estuary by fluorescence microscope counting. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica, 38: 367-372
    Bauer J E, Druffel E R M. 1998. Ocean margins as a significant source of organic matter to the deep open ocean. Nature, 392: 482-485
    Billen G, Servais P, Becquevort S. 1990. Dynamics of bacterioplankton in oligotrophic and eutrophic aquatic environments: bottom-up or top-down control? Hydrobiologia, 207: 37-42
    Bjornsen P K, Kuparinen J. 1991. Determination of bacterioplankton biomass, net production and growth efficiency in the Southern-Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 71: 185-194
    Cai Weijun, Dai Minhan, Wang Yucheng. 2006. Air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide in ocean margins: a province-based synthesis. Geophys Researh Letters, 33: L12603, doi: 10.1029/2006GL026219
    Chang J, Shiah F K, Gong G C, et al. 2003. Cross-shelf variation in carbon-to-chlorophyll a ratios in the East China Sea, summer 1998. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 50: 1237-1247
    Chen C T A. 1996. The Kuroshio intermediate water is the major source of nutrients on the East China Sea continental shelf. Oceanologica Acta, 19: 523-527
    Chen Jianfang, Li Yan, Yin Kedong, et al. 2004. Amino acids in the Pearl River Estuary and adjacent waters: origins, transformation and degradation. Continental Shelf Research, 24: 1877-1894
    Del Giorgio P A, Cole J J, 1998. Bacterial growth efficiency in natural aquatic systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 29: 503-541
    Del Giorgio P A, Cole J J, Cimbleris A. 1997. Respiration rates in bacteria exceed phytoplankton production in unproductive aquatic systems. Nature, 385: 148-151
    Ducklow H W. 1999. The bacterial component of the oceanic euphotic zone. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 30: 1-10
    Eppley R W. 1972. Temperature and phytoplankton growth in the sea. Fishery Bulletin, 70: 1063-1085
    Furuya K, Hayashi M, Yabushita Y. 1998. HPLC determination of phytoplankton pigments using N, N-dimethylfolmamide. Journal of Oceanography, 54: 199-203
    Gasol J M, Pedros-Alio C, Vaque D. 2002. Regulation of bacterial assemblages in oligotrophic plankton systems: results from experimental and empirical approaches. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology, 81: 435-452
    Gong G C, Wen Y H, Wang B W, et al. 2003. Seasonal variation of chlorophyll a concentration, primary production and environmental conditions in the subtropical East China Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 50: 1219-1236
    Hoppe H G, Gocke K, Koppe R, et al. 2002. Bacterial growth and primary production along a north-south transect of the Atlantic Ocean. Nature, 416: 168-171
    Jassby A D, Platt T. 1976. Mathematical formulation of the relationship between photosynthesis and light for phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography, 21: 540-547
    Jiao Nianzhi, Zhao Yanlin, Luo Tingwei, et al. 2006. Natural and anthropogenic forcing on the dynamics of virioplankton in the Yangtze River estuary. Journal of Marine Biologogical Association of the United Kingdom, 86: 543-550
    Kaunzinger C M K, Morin P J. 1998. Productivity controls food chain properties in microbial communities. Nature, 395: 495-497
    Kirchman D L. 1993. Leucine incorporation as a measure of biomass production by heterotrophic bacteria. In: Kemp P, Sherr, B F, Sherr E B, et al. eds. Handbook of Methods in Aquatic Microbial Ecology. Boca Raton, Florida,.Lewis Publishers, 509-512
    Kirchman D L, Hill V, Cottrell M T, et al. 2009. Standing stocks, production, and respiration of phytoplankton and heterotrophic bacteria in the western Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 56: 1237-1248
    Kirchman D L, Malmstrom R R, Cottrell M T. 2005. Control of bacterial growth by temperature and organic matter in the western Arctic. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 52: 3386-3395
    Laws E A, Falkowski P G, Smith Jr W O, et al. 2000. Temperature affects export production in the open ocean. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14: 1231-1246
    Lee S, Fuhrman J A. 1987. Relationships between biovolume and biomass of naturally derived marine bacterioplankton. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 53: 1298-1303
    Li W KW, Head E J H, Harrison W G. 2004. Macroecological limits of heterotrophic bacterial abundance in the ocean. Deep-Sea Research: Part I, 51: 1529-1540
    Liu Jingjing, Zeng Jiangning, Du Ping, et al. 2011. Abundance distribution of virioplankton in Yangtze River estuary and its adjacent East China Sea in summer and winter. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 22: 793-799
    Lopez-Urrutia A, Moran X A G. 2007. Resource limitation of bacterial production distorts the temperature dependence of oceanic carbon cycling. Ecology, 88: 817-822
    Lopez-Urrutia A, San Martin E, Harris R P, et al. 2006. Scaling the metabolic balance of the oceans. Proceedings of National Academy of Science, United States of America, 103: 8739-8744
    Marie D, Partensky F, Jacquet S, et al. 1997. Enumeration and cell cycle analysis of natural populations of marine picoplankton by flow cytometry using the nucleic acid stain SYBR Green I. Applied Environmental Microbiology, 63: 186-193
    Oksanen L, Fretwell S D, Arruda J, et al. 1981. Exploitation ecosystems in gradients of primary productivity. American Naturalist, 118: 240-261
    Pomeroy L R, Deibel D. 1986. Temperature regulation of bacterial activity during the Spring bloom in Newfoundland coastal waters. Science, 233: 359-361
    Pomeroy L R, Wiebe W J. 2001. Temperature and substrates as interactive limiting factors for marine heterotrophic bacteria. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 23: 187-204
    R Core Team. 2014. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0, URL D A, Olley J, Ross T. 2005. Unifying temperature effects on the growth rate of bacteria and the stability of globular proteins. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 233: 351-362
    Rivkin R B, Anderson M R, Lajzerowicz C. 1996. Microbial processes in cold oceans: 1. Relationship between temperature and bacterial growth rate. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 10: 243-254
    Rivkin R B, Legendre L. 2001. Biogenic carbon cycling in the upper ocean: effects of microbial respiration. Science, 291: 2398-2400 Sarmiento J L, Slater R, Barber R T, et al. 2004. Response of ocean ecosystems to climate warming. Global Biogeochem Cycles, 18: GB3003-3015
    Schlitzer R. 2010. Ocean Data View. Shiah F K, Chen T Y, Gong G C, et al. 2001. Differential coupling of bacterial and primary production in mesotrophic and oligotrophic systems of the East China Sea. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 23: 273-282
    Shiah F K, Ducklow H W. 1994. Temperature regulation of heterotrophic bacterioplankton abundance, production, and specific growth-rate in Chesapeake Bay. Limnology and Oceanography, 39: 1243-1258 Shiah F K, Gong G C, Chen C C. 2003. Seasonal and spatial variation of bacterial production in the continental shelf of the East China Sea: possible controlling mechanisms and potential roles in carbon cycling. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 50: 1295-1309
    Shiah F K, Gong G C, Chen T Y, et al. 2000. Temperature dependence of bacterial specific growth rates on the continental shelf of the East China Sea and its potential application in estimating bacterial production. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 22: 155-162
    Shiah F K, Liu K K, Gong G C. 1999. Temperature versus substrate limitation of heterotrophic bacterioplankton production across trophic and temperature gradients in the East China Sea. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 17: 247-254
    Shiah F K, Liu K K, Kao S J, et al. 2000. The coupling of bacterial production and hydrography in the southern East China Sea: spatial patterns in spring and fall. Continental Shelf Research, 20: 459-477
    Tsunogai S, Watanabe S, Sato T. 1999. Is there a "continental shelf pump" for the absorption of atmospheric CO2?. Tellus: B, 51: 701-712
    Vaulot D, Courties C, Partensky F. 1989. A simple method to preserve oceanic phytoplankton for flow cytometric analyses. Cytometry, 10: 629-635
    Wong G T F, Chao S Y, Li Y H, et al. 2000. The Kuroshio edge exchange processes (KEEP) study—An introduction to hypotheses and highlights. Continental Shelf Research, 20: 335-347
    Wood S N. 2006. Generalized Additive Models: An Introduction with R. Boca Raton: CRC Press
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (2121) PDF downloads(1627) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint