Distribution pattern of macrobenthic assemblages along a salinity gradient in the Hangzhou Bay and its adjacent waters

Runxuan Yan Xiaobo Wang Songyao Peng Qingxi Han

Runxuan Yan, Xiaobo Wang, Songyao Peng, Qingxi Han. Distribution pattern of macrobenthic assemblages along a salinity gradient in the Hangzhou Bay and its adjacent waters[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(9): 79-89. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2119-9
Citation: Runxuan Yan, Xiaobo Wang, Songyao Peng, Qingxi Han. Distribution pattern of macrobenthic assemblages along a salinity gradient in the Hangzhou Bay and its adjacent waters[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(9): 79-89. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2119-9

doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2119-9

Distribution pattern of macrobenthic assemblages along a salinity gradient in the Hangzhou Bay and its adjacent waters

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 42076156 and 41676139; the K.C. Wong Magna Fund in Ningbo University.
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  • Figure  1.  Locations of the stations in the northern East China Sea investigated from 2012 to 2019. L1–L4 are in the low-salinity area (salinity: 10–20); M1–M4 are in the medium-salinity area (salinity: 20–30); H1–H4 are in the high-salinity area (salinity: >30).

    Figure  2.  Cluster analysis of macrofaunal assemblages during 2012–2019.

    Figure  3.  Cluster analysis of macrofaunal assemblages across the whole sampling period.

    Figure  4.  The microbenthic diversity indices during 2012–2019. The following abbreviations were used in the figure: Margalef species richness (d), Pielou’s evenness (J'), Brillouin index (H), and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H').

    Figure  5.  The abundance of functional groups at different stations across the whole sampling period. Pl: planktophagous group; C: carnivorous group; O: omnivorous group; D: detritivorous group.

    Figure  6.  The abundance of functional groups in three salinity levels from 2012 to 2019. a. Carnivorous group; b. detritivorous group; c. omnivorous group; d. planktophagous group.

    Table  1.   Pearson bivariate correlation analyses among macrobenthic functional groups, dominant species, diversity indices, depth, salinity, temperature, suspended solids and dissolved oxygen concentrations

    Depth Salinity Temperature Suspended solids Dissolved oxygen
    Carnivorous 0.415** 0.433** −0.437** −0.322** −0.282*
    Detritivorous 0.189 0.295* −0.254* −0.085 −0.294*
    Omnivorous 0.030 0.048 −0.083 −0.084 −0.077
    Planktophagous 0.233 0.277* −0.375** −0.160 −0.350**
    Sternaspis chinensis −0.198 0.050 0.051 0.125 0.002
    Oratosquilla oratoria 0.143 0.202 −0.201 −0.148 −0.111
    Ophiuroglypha kinbergi 0.266* 0.227 −0.263* −0.218 −0.336**
    d 0.612** 0.646** −0.696** −0.383** −0.640**
    J' −0.139 −0.186 0.156 0.060 0.076
    H 0.633** 0.681** −0.719** −0.397** −0.656**
    H' 0.629** 0.675** −0.713** −0.392** −0.661**
    Note: **Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed); * correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed), and the following abbreviations were used: Margalef species richness (d), Pielou's evenness (J'), Brillouin index (H), and Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H').
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    A1.   Macrobenthos collected in the Hangzhou Bay and its adjacent waters across the whole sampling period from 2012 to 2019

    Species Phylum Functional group
    Chloeia sp. Annelida C
    Glycera chirori Izuka, 1912 Annelida C
    Glycinde bonhourei Gravier, 1904 Annelida C
    Goniada japonica Izuka, 1912 Annelida C
    Kuwaita heteropoda (Marenzeller, 1879) Annelida C
    Lumbrineris cruzensis Hartman, 1944 Annelida C
    Aglaophamus dibranchis (Grube, 1877) Annelida C
    Aglaophamus sinensis Fauvel, 1932 Annelida C
    Nephtys glabra Hartman, 1950 Annelida C
    Alpheus japonicus Miers, 1879 Arthropoda C
    Eucrate crenata (De Haan, 1835) Arthropoda C
    Neoeriocheir leptognathus (Rathbun, 1913) Arthropoda C
    Heteropilumnus ciliatus (Stimpson, 1858) Arthropoda C
    Charybdis japonica (A. Milne-Edwards, 1861) Arthropoda C
    Oratosquilla oratoria (de Haan, 1844) Arthropoda C
    Cylichna cylindracea (Pennant, 1777) Mollusca C
    Nassarius sinarus (Philippi, 1851) Mollusca C
    Nassarius succinctus (A. Adams, 1852) Mollusca C
    Nassarius variciferus (A. Adams, 1852) Mollusca C
    Neverita didyma (Röding, 1798) Mollusca C
    Philine kinglipini Tchang, 1934 Mollusca C
    Lineus sp. Nemertea C
    Nemertea indet. Nemertea C
    Diopatra chiliensis Quatrefages, 1866 Annelida C
    Caprella spp. Arthropoda C
    Cossura dimorpha (Hartman, 1976) Annelida C
    Metasychis gotoi (Izuka, 1902) Annelida C
    Perinereis nuntia (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) Annelida C
    Filograna implexa Berkeley, 1835 Annelida C
    Ehlersileanira incisa (Grube, 1877) Annelida C
    Palaemon carinicauda (Holthuis, 1950) Arthropoda C
    Xenophthalmus pinnotheroides White, 1846 Arthropoda C
    Ctenotrypauchen chinensis Steindachner, 1867 Chordata C
    Odontamblyopus lacepedii (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) Chordata C
    Odontamblyopus rubicundus (Hamilton, 1822) Chordata C
    Trypauchen vagina (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) Chordata C
    Hediste japonica (Izuka, 1908) Annelida D
    Notomastus latericeus Sars, 1851 Annelida D
    Aphelochaeta filiformis (Keferstein, 1862) Annelida D
    Euclymene annandalei Southern, 1921 Annelida D
    Maldanidae Annelida D
    Ophelina spp. Annelida D
    Paraprionospio pinnata (Ehlers, 1901) Annelida D
    Sternaspis chinensis Wu, Salazar-Vallejo & Xu, 2015 Annelida D
    Loimia medusa (Savigny in Lamarck, 1818) Annelida D
    Amaeana occidentalis (Hartman, 1944) Annelida D
    Paracaudina chilensis (Müller, 1850) Echinodermata D
    Protankyra bidentata (Woodward & Barrett, 1858) Echinodermata D
    Amphioplus (Lymanella) laevis (Lyman, 1874) Echinodermata D
    Ophiuroglypha kinbergi (Ljungman, 1866) Echinodermata D
    Nucula faba Xu, 1999 Mollusca D
    Yoldia similis Kuroda et Habe, 1952 Mollusca D
    Raphidopus ciliatus Stimpson, 1858 Arthropoda O
    Actiniaria Cnidaria O
    Lygdamis nesiotes (Chamberlin, 1919) Annelida O
    Lygdamissp. Annelida O
    Gammaridae Arthropoda O
    Upogebia sp. Arthropoda O
    Oliva mustelina Lamarck, 1811 Mollusca O
    Virgularia sp. Cnidaria Pl
    Siliqua minima (Gmelin, 1791) Mollusca Pl
    Leptochela (Leptochela) gracilis Stimpson, 1860 Arthropoda Pl
    Moerella hilaris (Hanley, 1844) Mollusca Pl
    Moerella iridescens (Benson, 1842) Mollusca Pl
    Note: the following abbreviations were used: carnivorous group (C), detritivorous group (D), omnivorous group (O) and planktophagous group (Pl).
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-03-04
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