Effects of daily nitrogen and phosphorus input on planktonic community metabolism in a semi-enclosed bay by mesocosm experiment

Chenhui Xiang Yao Li Zhixin Ke Gang Li Yadong Huang Xinying Su Liangmin Huang Xinyu Song

Chenhui Xiang, Yao Li, Zhixin Ke, Gang Li, Yadong Huang, Xinying Su, Liangmin Huang, Xinyu Song. Effects of daily nitrogen and phosphorus input on planktonic community metabolism in a semi-enclosed bay by mesocosm experiment[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-1986-4
Citation: Chenhui Xiang, Yao Li, Zhixin Ke, Gang Li, Yadong Huang, Xinying Su, Liangmin Huang, Xinyu Song. Effects of daily nitrogen and phosphorus input on planktonic community metabolism in a semi-enclosed bay by mesocosm experiment[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-1986-4

doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-1986-4

Effects of daily nitrogen and phosphorus input on planktonic community metabolism in a semi-enclosed bay by mesocosm experiment

Funds: the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41890853; the Fund of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) under contract No. GML2019ZD0404; the Science & Technology Basic Resources Investigation Program of China under contract No. 2018FY100105; the Fund of Innovation Academy of South China Sea Ecology and Environmental Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences under contract No. ISEE2018ZD02; the National Key Basic Research Program of China (973 program) under contract No. 2015CB452904; the Development Project of China under contract Nos 2017YFC0506302 and 2016YFC0502805.
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  • Figure  1.  Location of Daya Bay and mesocosms site (▲).

    Figure  2.  Changes of environmental conditions in the mesocosms (vertical bars indicate the standard deviations from triplicate pools of each mesocosms, n = 3).

    Figure  3.  Changes of planktonic metabolism of gross primary production (GPP, a), community respiration (CR, b) and net community production (NCP, c) in the mesocosms (vertical bars indicate the standard deviations from triplicate pools of each mesocosms, n = 3).

    Figure  4.  Changes of total chlorophyll a (Chl a) (a), micro-phytoplankton total abundance (b) and Shannon-wiener diversity (c), and relative abundance of Rhizosolenia sinensis (d) in the mesocosms (vertical bars indicate the standard deviations from triplicate pools of each mesocosms, n = 3).

    Figure  5.  Changes of Euk (a), Syn (b) and HBA (c) abundance in the mesocosms (vertical bars indicate the standard deviations from triplicate pools of each mesocosms, n=3).

    Figure  6.  Comparison of the ecological responses to nutrient input of different concentrations (different capital letters, a to e, indicate statistically significant differences between treatments at p<0.05; vertical bars indicate the standard deviations from triplicate pools of each mesocosms; data from the D0-D5 period)

    Table  1.   Concentrations of nutrient enrichments of each treatment.

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    Table  2.   Chlorophyll a size structure in the mesocosms after the 10 d incubation

    TreatmentsMicro/%Nano/%Pico/%<20 μm/%
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    Table  3.   Pearson’s correlations between the net community production (NCP), the gross primary production (GPP) and the community respiration (CR)

    TreatmentGPP and NCPCR and NCP
    Note: Asterisks represent the level of significance: *p<0.05, **p<0.01.
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    Table  4.   Dissolved nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fluxes from major rivers and sewage outlets in the Daya Bay

    Water regionPeriodDaily input / μmol/(L·d)Reference
    Aotou Coveyearly2.8450.051Huang et al. (2019)
    wet season4.450.080
    Whole Daya Bayyearly0.1090.002
    Note: The water volume of Daya Bay is 6.6 km3 (600 km2 × 11 m), Aotou Cove is 0.195 km3 (39 km2 × 5 m).
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