Distribution of phytoplankton in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea in spring in relation to environmental variables and dimethylsulfide compounds

Jiawei Zhang Yanghang Chen Xueyan Ren Vishal Patil Lin Sun Xuesong Li Junrong Liang Jun Zhang Yahui Gao Changping Chen

Jiawei Zhang, Yanghang Chen, Xueyan Ren, Vishal Patil, Lin Sun, Xuesong Li, Junrong Liang, Jun Zhang, Yahui Gao, Changping Chen. Distribution of phytoplankton in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea in spring in relation to environmental variables and dimethylsulfide compounds[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1913-0
Citation: Jiawei Zhang, Yanghang Chen, Xueyan Ren, Vishal Patil, Lin Sun, Xuesong Li, Junrong Liang, Jun Zhang, Yahui Gao, Changping Chen. Distribution of phytoplankton in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea in spring in relation to environmental variables and dimethylsulfide compounds[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1913-0

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1913-0

Distribution of phytoplankton in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea in spring in relation to environmental variables and dimethylsulfide compounds

Funds: The National Key Research and Development Program of China under contract Nos 2016YFA0601302 and 2018FY100202.
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    Corresponding author: E-mail: gaoyh@xmu.edu.cn; chencp@xmu.edu.cn
  • †These authors contributed equally to this work.
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    †These authors contributed equally to this work.
  • Figure  1.  Map of the location of the phytoplankton survey stations in the East China Sea and the Southern Yellow Sea.

    Figure  2.  Distributions of temperature (°C, a) and salinity (b) in the ECS and SYS in the investigated areas.

    Figure  3.  Distributions of Chl a concentration (a, μg/L), B/P (b) and phytoplankton cell density (c, ×104 cells/L) in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea.

    Figure  4.  Phytoplankton community structure in the investigated sea area.

    Figure  5.  Distributions of phytoplankton dominant species in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea (105 cell/L). a. S. dohrnii; b. C. vanheurckii; and c. P. donghaiense

    Figure  6.  Phytoplankton species diversity in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea. a. Shannon-Wiener index; b. Pielou’s index; and c. Species number.

    Figure  7.  Correlation analysis of phytoplankton, environmental factors and sulfide in seawater. a. Correlation analysis of phytoplankton diversity with temperature, salinity and nutrients; b. correlation analyses of phytoplankton diversity with DO, pH, Chl a concentration and dimethyl sulfide concentration. Density represents phytoplankton density; S-W, Shannon-Wiener diversity index; Temp, temperature; NH4-N, ammonium nitrogen; NO2-N, nitrite nitrogen; NO3-N: nitrate nitrogen; PO4-P, phosphate phosphorus; SiO3-Si, silicate silicon; B/P, Bacillariophyta/Pyrrophyta; DO, dissolved oxygen; Chl a: Chlorophyll a concentration; pH, potential of hydrogen; DMS, dimethylsulfide; DMSPd, dissolved dimethylsulfoniopropionate; DMSPp, particle dimethylsulfoniopropionate; DMSOd, dissolved dimethyl sulfoxide; DMSOp, particle dimethyl sulfoxide. Blue numbers indicate negative correlations; red numbers indicate positive correlations. * denotes P<0.05, ** denotes P<0.01, and *** denotes P<0.001.

    Figure  8.  Bi-plot of the canonical correspondence analysis results for dominant phytoplankton cell density (a), sampling stations (b) and environmental variables (→). Numbers with letters represent the relevant species: SP1-Bacteriastrum hyalinum, SP2-Chaetoceros castracanei, SP3-Ch. curvisetus, SP4-Ch. debilis, SP5-Ch. densus, SP6-Ch. diadema, SP7-Ch. lorenzianus, SP8-Ch. muelleri, SP9-Ch. pelagicus, SP10-Ch. pseudocurvisetus, SP11-Ch. vanheurckii, SP12-Cyclotella striata, SP13-Frustulia interposita var. chinensis, SP14-Leptocylindrus danicus, SP15-Melosira moniliformis, SP16-Nitzschia closterium, SP17-i. longissima, SP18-Paralia sulcata, SP19-P. donghaiense, SP20-P. micans, SP21-P. minimun, SP22-Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima, SP23-Skeletonema costatum, SP24-S. dohrnii, SP25-S. marinol, SP26-S. munzelii, SP27-Thalassiosira rotula, SP28-Thalassiosira sp., and SP29-Trichodesmium hildebrandtii. Chl a represents Chlorophyll a concentration; Density, sampling station phytoplankton density.

    Table  1.   Dominant species of phytoplankton in the East China Sea and the southern Yellow Sea

    Dominant speciesCell density/(104 cell·L-1)Frequency (fi)Dominance (Y)
    Skeletonema dohrnii8.050.340.03
    Chaetoceros vanheurckii1.940.380.14
    Prorocentrum donghaiense0.680.770.02
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Comparisons of the average Chl a concentration in this study and other investigations in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea

    Investigation areaInvestigation timeAverage Chl a concentration/(μg·L-1)References
    SYS, ECS20171.10This study
    SYS, northern of ECS20111.43Wen et al. (2012)
    YS, ECS2006-20071.17Wang (2011)
    SYS, ECS2000-20010.75Huang et al. (2006)
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Comparison of species number, cell density and dominant species in this study and other studies in the survey area

    Sampling timeSurvey areaSpecies
    number
    Cell density/
    (104 cells·L-1)
    Dominant speciesReferences
    April, 201726.0°-36.0°N, 120.0°-128.0°E27521.46Skeletonema dohrnii, Chaetoceros vanheurckii, Prorocentrum donghaienseThis study
    May, 201125°00'-33°30'N,
    120°00'-127°30'E
    1936.69Prorocentrum dentatum, Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissim, Skeletonema sp., Paralia sulcata, Prorocentrum minimum, Gymnodinium lohmanni, Coscinodiscus sp., Chaetoceros curvisetusZhao et al. (2015)
    April, 200930°30'-32°00'N,
    121°00'-123°30'E
    6458.22Skeletonema dohrnii, Paralia sulcata, Thalassionema nitzschioides, Pseudo-nitzschia pungensSun and Tian (2011)
    May, 200826°50'-34°07'N,
    120°50'-123°59'E
    15526.63Prorocentrum dentatum, Skeletonema costatum, Scrippsiella trochoidea, Paralia sulcataTian et al. (2010)
    May, 200726°50'-34°00'N,
    120°50'-124°00'E
    1447.89Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissim, Prorocentrum dentatum, Skeletonema costatum, Thalassiosira rotulaTan et al. (2009)
    June-July, 200625°00'-39°00'N,
    118°00'-129°00'E
    1360.84Thalassiosira scrotiformis, Pseudo-nitzschia pungensZhou (2014); Zhou et al. (2015)
    June, 200626°00'-34°00'N,
    121°00'-126°00'E
    13014.70Prorocentrum dentatum, Karenia mikimotoi, Pseudo-nitzschia pungens, P. delicatissimaWang et al. (2008)
    May, 200530.5°-32.5°N,
    121.0°-123.5°E
    9236.18Karenia mikimotoi, Skeletonema costatum, Prorocentrum dentatumLuan (2007)
    May, 2002-June, 2005 (Spring)27°00'-32°00'N,
    122°00'-123°30'E
    162 Paralia sulcate, Nitzschia spp., Pseudo-nitzschia spp., P. delicatissima, P. pungens, Thalassiosira spp., T. rotula, Skeletonema costatum, Coscinodiscus spp., Chaetoceros spp.Xie (2007)
    April, 199823°30'-33°00'N,
    118°30'-128°00'E
    0.002Chaetoceros lorenzianus, Noctiluca scintillansLuo et al. (2007)
    1960, 197127°-34°N,
    127°E,
    The west
    Rhizosolenia styliformis, Guinardia cylindrus, Climacodium biconcavumChen et al. (1980)
    下载: 导出CSV
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