Volume 43 Issue 2
Feb.  2024
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Guangliang Li, Licheng Feng, Wei Zhuang, Fei Liu, Ronghua Zhang, Cuijuan Sui. Differences in spring precipitation over southern China associated with multiyear La Niña events[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2024, 43(2): 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2147-0
Citation: Guangliang Li, Licheng Feng, Wei Zhuang, Fei Liu, Ronghua Zhang, Cuijuan Sui. Differences in spring precipitation over southern China associated with multiyear La Niña events[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2024, 43(2): 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2147-0

Differences in spring precipitation over southern China associated with multiyear La Niña events

doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2147-0
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41576029, 41976221 and 42030410; the National Key Research and Development Program of China under contract No. 2019YFA0606702; the Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology.
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  • Corresponding author: fenglich@nmefc.cn
  • Received Date: 2022-12-27
  • Accepted Date: 2023-01-25
  • Available Online: 2023-04-12
  • Publish Date: 2024-02-01
  • Composite analyses were performed in this study to reveal the difference in spring precipitation over southern China during multiyear La Niña events during 1901 to 2015. It was found that there is significantly below-normal precipitation during the first boreal spring, but above-normal precipitation during the second year. The difference in spring precipitation over southern China is correlative to the variation in western North Pacific anomalous cyclone (WNPC), which can in turn be attributed to the different sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) over the Tropical Pacific. The remote forcing of negative SSTA in the equatorial central and eastern Pacific and the local air-sea interaction in the western North Pacific are the usual causes of WNPC formation and maintenance. SSTA in the first spring is stronger than those in the second spring. As a result, the intensity of WNPC in the first year is stronger, which is more likely to reduce the moisture in southern China by changing the moisture transport, leading to prolonged precipitation deficits over southern China. However, the tropical SSTA signals in the second year are too weak to induce the formation and maintenance of WNPC and the below-normal precipitation over southern China. Thus, the variation in tropical SSTA signals between two consecutive springs during multiyear La Niña events leads to obvious differences in the spatial pattern of precipitation anomaly in southern China by causing the different WNPC response.
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