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Danyue Huang, Haijiao Liu, Jun Sun, Yuqiu Wei, Liuyang Li, Guicheng Zhang, Laxman Pujari. Living coccolithophores in the western Pacific Ocean with mesoscale eddies[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1780-8
Citation: Danyue Huang, Haijiao Liu, Jun Sun, Yuqiu Wei, Liuyang Li, Guicheng Zhang, Laxman Pujari. Living coccolithophores in the western Pacific Ocean with mesoscale eddies[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1780-8

Living coccolithophores in the western Pacific Ocean with mesoscale eddies

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1780-8
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41876134, 41676112 and 41276124; the University Innovation Team Training Program for Tianjin under contract No. TD12-5003; the Tianjin 131 Innovation Team Program under contract No. 20180314; the Changjiang Scholar Program of Chinese Ministry of Education under contract No. T2014253.
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  • Corresponding author: E-mail: phytoplankton@163.com
  • Received Date: 2019-12-25
  • Accepted Date: 2020-04-27
  • Available Online: 2021-06-29
  • Living coccolithophores (LCs) are regarded as a group of calcifiers and play important roles in global carbon cycle. This study used microscopic observations of LCs in the western Pacific Ocean to investigate their community structure and biodiversity, especially to test whether local physical traits (mesoscale eddies) could explain their biogeographic distributions during autumn of 2017. And this study estimated coccolithophore calcite inventory based on carbon-volume transformation. A total of 28 taxa of coccospheres and 19 types of coccoliths were identified from 161 samples. Gephyrocapsa oceanica was the most predominant species in all the coccolithophore community, followed by Florisphaera profunda, Emiliania huxleyi, Umbilicosphaera sibogae, Gladiolithus flabellatus and Umbellosphaera tenuis. The abundance of coccospheres and coccoliths ranged from 0 to 26.8×103 cells/L and from 0 to 138.5×103 coccoliths/L, averaged at 4.2×103 cells/L and 10.9×103 coccoliths/L, respectively. This study indicated that coccolithophore community in the survey area can be clustered into four groups. Three ecological niches of coccolithophores were characterized by their vertical profiles and multivariate statistical analysis. Coccolithophore abundance and species composition were remarkably different among warm-eddy region, G. oceanica dominated warm-eddy region, while F. profunda dominated warm-eddy and none-eddy region. The average values of estimated particulate inorganic carbon, particulate organic carbon were 0.197 μg/L and 0.140 μg/L, respectively. The current field study widened the dataset of coccolithophores in western Pacific Ocean.
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