FIO-ESM v2.0 CORE2-forced experiment for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project

Qi Shu Zhenya Song Ying Bao Xiaodan Yang Yajuan Song Xinfang Li Meng Wei Fangli Qiao

Qi Shu, Zhenya Song, Ying Bao, Xiaodan Yang, Yajuan Song, Xinfang Li, Meng Wei, Fangli Qiao. FIO-ESM v2.0 CORE2-forced experiment for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2000-x
Citation: Qi Shu, Zhenya Song, Ying Bao, Xiaodan Yang, Yajuan Song, Xinfang Li, Meng Wei, Fangli Qiao. FIO-ESM v2.0 CORE2-forced experiment for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2000-x

doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2000-x

FIO-ESM v2.0 CORE2-forced experiment for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project

Funds: The National Key R&D Program of China under contract Nos 2018YFA0605701 and 2016YFB0201100, the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41941012 and 41821004, the Basic Scientific Fund for National Public Research Institute of China (ShuXingbei Young Talent Program) under contract No. 2019S06.
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  • Figure  1.  Drifts of horizontal and global mean potential temperature (unit: °C) and salinity (unit: psu). Drift is defined as deviation from the value obtained from the first model year. Dashed lines indicate the 62-year forcing cycle, corresponding to calendar years 1948-2009, which was repeated for 5 times.

    Figure  2.  Time series of annual mean (a) Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) (unit: 106 m3 s−1) maximum at 26.5°N, and (b) Global Meridional Overturning Circulation (GMOC) (unit: 106 m3 s−1) minimum between 2000 m depth and ocean bottom at 30°S. Dashed lines indicate the 62-year forcing cycle, corresponding to calendar years 1948-2009, that was repeated.

    Figure  3.  Biases of zonally averaged (a) temperature (unit: °C) and (b) salinity (unit: psu) from the last cycle of the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation relative to observed climatological values from World Ocean Atlas 2013 version 2 (WOA13 v2). Black contour is zonally averaged temperature and salinity from WOA13v2.

    Figure  4.  Biases of sea surface (a) temperature (unit: °C) and (b) salinity (unit: psu) from the last cycle of the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation relative to observed climatological values from World Ocean Atlas 2013 version 2 (WOA13 v2).

    Figure  5.  Simulated and observed mixed layer depth (MLD) (units: m) in summer and winter. Mixed layer depth is defined as the depth where ocean potential density deviates from its value at the surface by 0.03 kg m−3. The average of January, February and March is selected as the typical months for boreal winter (austral summer), and the average of July, August and September is selected as the typical months for boreal summer (austral winter). Observations are from de Boyer Montégut et al. (2004).

    Figure  6.  (a) Atlantic overturning streamfunction from the last cycle of the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation (units: 106 m3 s−1), (b) AMOC streamfunction profiles (brown line: FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation, blue line: RAPID observations) at 26.5°N between 2004 and 2009, and (c) AMOC index (units: 106 m3 s−1) from the last cycle of the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation.

    Figure  7.  Diurnal amplitude (unit: °C) of sea surface temperature (SST) in (a) January and (b) July in the last cycle of the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation. Diurnal amplitude of SST is defined as the difference between maximum and minimum of SST in the same day.

    Figure  8.  Scatter plot of mean sea surface temperature (SST) diurnal amplitude (unit: °C) between 2002 and 2009 from the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation and from observations of 107 moorings as part of TOGA/COARE.

    Figure  9.  (a) Arctic and (b) Antarctic sea ice extent (SIE) from the last cycle of the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulations and satellite-derived observations (units: 106 km2). Sea ice extent is calculated as the sum of the area where sea ice concentration exceeds 15%.

    Figure  10.  Simulated Arctic sea ice thickness (units: m) in March from (a) the last cycle of the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation and (b) Pan-Arctic Ice-Ocean Modeling and Assimilation System (PIOMAS).

    Figure  11.  Average significant wave height (SWH) from 1979-2009 (units: m) obtained from (a, c) ERA5 reanalysis, and (b, c) the FIO-ESM v2.0 OMIP-1 simulation in (a, b) January and (c, d) July.

    Figure  12.  Linear trends of significant wave height (SWH) (units: %/decade) between 1985 and 2008. Dots indicate locations where linear trend exceeds 90% confidence level.

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