Applications of EMD to analyses of high-frequency beachface responses to Storm Bebinca in Qing’an Bay, Guangdong Province, China

Taihuan Hu Zhiqiang Li Chunhua Zeng Gaocong Li Huiling Zhang

Taihuan Hu, Zhiqiang Li, Chunhua Zeng, Gaocong Li, Huiling Zhang. Applications of EMD to analyses of high-frequency beachface responses to Storm Bebinca in Qing’an Bay, Guangdong Province, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1948-2
Citation: Taihuan Hu, Zhiqiang Li, Chunhua Zeng, Gaocong Li, Huiling Zhang. Applications of EMD to analyses of high-frequency beachface responses to Storm Bebinca in Qing’an Bay, Guangdong Province, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1948-2

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1948-2

Applications of EMD to analyses of high-frequency beachface responses to Storm Bebinca in Qing’an Bay, Guangdong Province, China

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 42176167 and 41676079; the Project of Enhancing School with Innovation, Guangdong Ocean University, under contract No. Q18307.
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  • Figure  1.  Location of the Qing’an Bay. The red box in a indicates the Qiongzhou Strait, and the red box in b represents the location of c.

    Figure  2.  Bebinca and storm tracks over the past decade. Bebinca track is represented by the solid red line, and the dashed blue line represents the storm track for the past decade.

    Figure  3.  Field work layout. P1−P7 mean columns; #1−#7 mean rows.

    Figure  4.  Beachface before (a) and after (b) the storm.

    Figure  5.  Elevation changes of Piles 1−7 in P4 profile.

    Figure  6.  Daily lowest tide beach profiles during the storm.

    Figure  7.  Change variances of each pile in P4.

    Figure  8.  Sediment parameters.

    Figure  9.  Wave height time series EMD decomposition.

    Figure  10.  Irribarren parameters.

    Figure  11.  Wave energy changes during the storm.

    Figure  12.  Frequency-time plot of water surface energy.

    Figure  13.  Internal mode function results (IMFs) of P4 profile.

    Figure  14.  Original series and sum of the selected IMFs for wave.

    Figure  15.  Sum of the selected IMFs for each pile of profile.

    Figure  16.  Correlation between the ability of erosion or deposition and wave height.

    Figure  17.  Relations between the total sedimentation change and wave height. a. Pile #2, b. Pile #3, c. Pile #4, d. Pile #5, e. Pile #6, f. Pile #7. The red line in the middle represents the net elevation change under the wave height, the maximum value exceeding zero is the total deposition, and the minimum value below zero is the total erosion. The height change of each pile represents the sediment change at that pile point.

    Table  1.   Storm track information on Bebinca (data source: Hainan Oceanic Bureau)

    Time (2018)Wind scaleWind velocity/
    Wave height/
    08:00 on Aug. 9Grade 7144001.3–1.8
    09:00 on Aug. 10Grade 7151121.8–2.3
    11:00 on Aug. 10Grade 71547 (nearest)1.8–2.3
    14:00 on Aug. 10Grade 715751.8–2.3
    15:00 on Aug. 10Grade 71580–2261.8–2.3
    10:00 on Aug. 11Grade 7152261.8–2.3
    14:00 on Aug. 12Grade 8182101.8–2.3
    08:00 on Aug. 13Grade 8182762.0–2.5
    20:00 on Aug. 13Grade 9233151.8–2.3
    17:00 on Aug. 14Grade 10253551.8–2.3
    21:00 on Aug. 15Grade 925541.8–2.3
    02:00 on Aug. 16Grade 82072
    07:00 on Aug. 17Xiuying Tide
    Gauge Station
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Pearson correlation coefficient R was calculated based on the daily beach response variable (the variation of the penetration at each point in the profile) on the August 9

    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Pearson correlation coefficient R was calculated based on the daily beach response variable (the variation of the penetration at each point of the profile) on the August 11

    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  4.   Parameters of beach morphodynamic state

    Aug. 84.985.6
    Aug. 96.895.6
    Aug. 105.135.6
    Aug. 115.125.6
    Aug. 123.265.6
    Aug. 133.625.6
    Aug. 143.995.6
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-07-09
  • 录用日期:  2021-08-26
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