Winter distribution of diatom assemblages along the coastline of Korea in 2020

Joon Sang Park Kyun-Woo Lee Seung Won Jung Taek-Kyun Lee Hyoung Min Joo

Joon Sang Park, Kyun-Woo Lee, Seung Won Jung, Taek-Kyun Lee, Hyoung Min Joo. Winter distribution of diatom assemblages along the coastline of Korea in 2020[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1929-5
Citation: Joon Sang Park, Kyun-Woo Lee, Seung Won Jung, Taek-Kyun Lee, Hyoung Min Joo. Winter distribution of diatom assemblages along the coastline of Korea in 2020[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1929-5

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1929-5

Winter distribution of diatom assemblages along the coastline of Korea in 2020

Funds: The fund of the research project of Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology under contract No. PE99922; the National Research Foundation of the Ministry of Science and ICT under contract Nos NRF-2020R1A2C2005970 and NRF-2017M3A9E4072753.
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  • Figure  1.  Abiotic variables: (a) pH, (b) water temperature, and (c) salinity, and biotic variables: (d) abundance, (e) Shannon’s diversity index, and (f) species richness.

    Figure  2.  Hierarchical cluster analysis (UPGMA) of diatom communities based on (a) Bray–Curtis similarity, and (b) biogeographic zonation in the Yellow Sea (YS), South Sea (SS), and East Sea (ES) of Korea during winter.

    Figure  3.  Heatmap graph on fourth root transformed abundance data for indicator species in the Yellow Sea (YS), South Sea (SS), Southern East Sea (SES), and Northern East Sea (NES) regions. Colors for species denote the selected indicator species for each region: YS (yellow), SS (green), SES (orange), and NES (blue). Scale bar indicate the transformed abundance by its fourth root.

    Figure  4.  Micrographs of representative indicator species for the four regions identified in this study: (i) Actinoptychus senarius, (ii) Cyclotella litoralis, (iii) Melosira nummuloides, (iv) Paralia sulcata, (v) Thalassiosira eccentrica, (vi) Pleurosigma angulatum, (vii–viii) Asterionellopsis glacialis, (ix), Chaetoceros contortus, (x) C. curvisetus, (xi) C. debilis, (xii) C. constrictus, (xiii) Detonula pumila, (xiv) Skeletonema dohrnii-marinoii complex, (xv) Thalassiosira curviseriata, (xvi) T. nordenskioeldii, (xvii) Eucampia zodiacus, (xviii) Pseudo-nitzschia pungens, (xix–xx) Achnanthes spp., (xxi) Licmophora grandis, (xxii) L. paradoxa, (xxiii) Odontella aurita, (xxiv) Entomoneis paludosa, (xxv) Chaetoceros radicans, (xxvi) Corethron pennatum, (xxvii) Coscinodiscus centralis, (xxviii) Thalassiosira pacifica, (xxix) Porosira glacialis, (xxx) Licmophora ehrenbergii.

    Table  1.   Means and ranges of abiotic variables including pH, water temperature, salinity and biotic variables including number of diatoms species, abundance, Shannon’s diversity index (H), evenness (E), and species richness (R). Numbers in parentheses indicate the range between minimum and maximum. Group 1-4 and Unique 1-3 were obtained from UPGMA Hierarchical cluster analysis presented in Fig. 2

    GroupSeaNo. sitesPhWT (°C)SalinityNo. speciesAbundance (105 cells·L-1)Diversity (H’)EvennessRichness
    Group 1YS228.03±0.18
    (7.70–8.32)
    4.75±2.73
    (0.30–12.47)
    32.26±1.20
    (28.60–34.10)
    982.21±1.45
    (0.07–4.81)
    1.92±0.50
    (0.27–0.92)
    0.73±0.15
    (0.27–0.92)
    16.88±5.37
    (10–28)
    Group 2SS518.41±0.25
    (7.62–8.71)
    6.39±2.44
    (0.20–11.40)
    33.67±0.94
    (30.40–34.70)
    1115.12±3.04
    (0.77–12.80)
    1.69±0.59
    (0.42–2.73)
    0.68±0.22
    (0.15–0.92)
    16.27±5.07
    (8–30)
    Group 3SES258.19±0.09
    (8.07–8.41)
    9.36±1.53
    (5.98–12.21)
    33.02±1.50
    (26.07–33.80)
    770.24±0.10
    (0.10–0.44)
    1.87±0.42
    (1.09–2.82)
    0.75±0.14
    (0.45–0.93)
    12.32±4.13
    (7–23)
    Group 4NES118.15±0.09
    (7.97–8.36)
    5.41±1.87
    (3.00–9.38)
    33.18±0.56
    (31.59–33.61)
    900.22±0.13
    (0.06–0.46)
    2.15±0.51
    (1.32–2.75)
    0.76±0.15
    (0.50–0.92)
    23.18±6.06
    (14–36)
    Unique 1SS28.50
    (8.48,8.51)
    8.15
    (8.00,8.30)
    34.35
    (34.20,34.50)
    255.40
    (5.10,5.69)
    2.03
    (1.80,2.27)
    0.75
    (0.65,0.86)
    17.50
    (16,19)
    Unique 2NES28.20
    (9.19,8.20)
    7.55
    (7.50,7.59)
    33.05
    (32.58,33.52)
    210.24
    (0.13–0.34)
    0.80
    (0.62,0.98)
    0.30
    (0.22,0.38)
    14
    (14,14)
    Unique 3NES18.047.3933.23180.160.250.0818
    Note: WT represents water temperature; YS, Yellow Sea; SS, the southern Sea; SES, the Southern East Sea; NES, the northern East Sea.
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Indicator values of diatom species in each group. The indicator species are listed systematically according to Medlin and Kaczmarska (2004)

    Groups (Region)ClassOrderSpeciesStatp-value
    Group 1CoscinodiscophyceaeCoscinodiscalesActinoptychus senarius0.4340.0243*
    (Yellow Sea)MelosiralesMelosira nummuloides0.5160.003**
    ParalialesParalia sulcata0.8420.0001***
    MediophyceaeThalassiosiralesCyclotella striata0.6030.0005***
    Thalassiosira eccentrica0.4810.0081**
    BacillariophyceaeFragilarialesAsteroplanus kariana0.6140.0017**
    NaviculalesPleurosigma angulatum0.4620.0111*
    Group 2MediophyceaeChaetocerotalesChaetoceros affinis0.3800.0482*
    (Southern Sea)Chaetoceros brevis0.4130.0233*
    Chaetoceros constrictus0.6130.0001***
    Chaetoceros contortus0.5500.0003***
    Chaetoceros curvisetus0.4900.0027**
    Chaetoceros debilis0.5630.0009***
    Chaetoceros laciniosus0.5380.0001***
    Chaetoceros socialis0.4290.0377*
    Chaetoceros spp.0.4790.0094**
    HemiaulalesEucampia zodiacus0.5960.0001***
    ThalassiosiralesDetonula pumila0.5200.0011**
    Skeletonema dohrnii-marinoii0.7070.0001***
    Thalassiosira curviseriata0.6570.0001***
    Thalassiosira nordenskioeldii0.7450.0001***
    BacillariophyceaeBacillarialesPseudo-nitzschia pungens0.4500.0083**
    FragilarialesAsterionellopsis glacialis0.6600.0001***
    ThalassionematalesThalassionema nitzschioides0.5820.0011**
    Group 3MediophyceaeEupodiscalesOdontella aurita0.4630.0157*
    (Southern East Sea)BacillariophyceaeLicmophoralesLicmophora grandis0.7320.0001***
    Licmophora paradoxa0.4620.0072**
    MastogloialesAchnanthes spp.0.4000.0402*
    NaviculalesNavicula spp.0.6050.0006***
    SurirellalesEntomoneis paludosa0.4600.0135*
    Group 4 (Northern East Sea)CoscinodiscophyceaeCorethralesCorethron pennatum0.5210.0117*
    CoscinodiscalesCoscinodiscus centralis0.7070.0001***
    MediophyceaeChaetocerotalesChaetoceros radicans0.5220.0207*
    ThalassiosiralesPorosira glacialis0.6740.0009***
    Thalassiosira pacifica0.5070.0458*
    BacillariophyceaeLicmophoralesLicmophora ehrenbergii0.5220.0171*
    RhabdonematalesRhabdonema spp.0.5220.0263*
    Note: *** represents >0.001; **, >0.01; *, >0.1
    下载: 导出CSV
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