Relationships between daily growth of different groups of swordtip squid (Uroteuthis edulis) and environmental variables in the East China Sea

Nan Li Yan Wang Zhou Fang Xinjun Chen Zhiping Feng

Nan Li, Yan Wang, Zhou Fang, Xinjun Chen, Zhiping Feng. Relationships between daily growth of different groups of swordtip squid (Uroteuthis edulis) and environmental variables in the East China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1905-0
Citation: Nan Li, Yan Wang, Zhou Fang, Xinjun Chen, Zhiping Feng. Relationships between daily growth of different groups of swordtip squid (Uroteuthis edulis) and environmental variables in the East China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1905-0

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1905-0

Relationships between daily growth of different groups of swordtip squid (Uroteuthis edulis) and environmental variables in the East China Sea

Funds: The National Key R&D Program of China under contract No. 2019YFD0901404; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41876141; the Shanghai Science and Technology Innovation Program under contract No.19DZ1207502; the Fund of Key Laboratory of Open-Sea Fishery Development, Ministry of Agriculture under contract No. LOF 2018-02.
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    Corresponding author: zfang@shou.edu.cn
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  • Figure  1.  Spawning and feeding ground of U. edulis.

    Figure  2.  Polished statolith of U. edulis aged 200 days. All increments were counted and measured along the same axis from core to dorsal. Fig. 2a: Growth increments within nuclear zone; Fig. 2b: Growth increments within lateral dome; Fig. 2c: Growth increments within dorsal dome; 2d: Polished statolith

    Figure  3.  Environmental variables in the sampling area, including SST, Temp_25, MLD, VV and ZV.

    Figure  4.  Linear relationship between mantle length and accumulated statolith daily increment.

    Figure  5.  Distribution of the hatching date of U. edulis caught from September 2017 to March 2018 in East China Sea.

    Figure  6.  Mean daily increment width of April-spawning and August-spawning groups in 2017.

    Figure  7.  Importance of environmental variables in response to mean daily increment width of April-spawning group (Fig. 7a) and August-spawning group (Fig. 7b) in 2017.

    Figure  8.  Cumulative importance of environment variables in relation to daily increment width of statolith for April-spawning group (Figs 8a-8c) and August-spawning group (Figs 8d-8f).

    Figure  9.  Effective of environment variables on daily increment width for April-spawning group (Figs 9a-9c) and August-spawning group (Figs 9d-9f) based on generalized additive model (GAM) analyses.

    Table  1.   Sampling information of U. edulis from the East China Sea.

    Sampling monthsLocationsNumbersMantle length ranges/(mm)Age ranges/(d)Sex ratios
    F:M
    September 201730°30' N
    127° E
    1569-198176-2241.4:1
    November 201731° N
    126°30' E
    19110-234175-2730.9:1
    December 201731°30' N
    126°30' E
    2386-223153-2541.2:1
    January
    2018
    31°30' N 127° E2493-180175-2281:1
    February 201828°30' N 123° E1787-158176-2332:1
    March
    2018
    27°30' N
    124°30' E
    2392-154169-2150.7:1
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    Table  2.   Descriptions of environmental variables.

    Environmental variablesDescriptions
    SSTSea surface temperature
    Temp_25Water temperature at the depth of 25 m
    MLDMixed layer depth
    SSHSea surface height
    SSSSea surface salinity
    Chl-aChlorophyll-a concentration
    ZVZonal current velocity
    VVVertical current velocity
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Key environment variables of April- and August-spawning groups identified based on the analysis results of the generalized additive model (GAM). Model significance: * (P < 0.05), ** (P < 0.001), and *** (P < 0.0001).Environmental variables in bold are the highest goodness-of-fit based on GAM.

    GroupsEnvironmental variablesAICR2Deviance explained/(%)p-ValueSign.
    April-spawningTemp_25-238.500.7273.10.000***
    SST-106.510.40430.000***
    ZV-165.570.5758.60.000***
    Temp_25+ZV-299.130.8182.60.000***
    SST+ZV-239.130.7273.80.000***
    August-spawningSST-674.920.9797.10.000***
    Temp_25-651.800.9696.80.000***
    MLD-348.800.8282.50.000***
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-30
  • 录用日期:  2021-09-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-04-19

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