Two drifting paths of Sargassum bloom in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea during 2019−2020

Chao Yuan Jie Xiao Xuelei Zhang Mingzhu Fu Zongling Wang

Chao Yuan, Jie Xiao, Xuelei Zhang, Mingzhu Fu, Zongling Wang. Two drifting paths of Sargassum bloom in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea during 2019−2020[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1894-z
Citation: Chao Yuan, Jie Xiao, Xuelei Zhang, Mingzhu Fu, Zongling Wang. Two drifting paths of Sargassum bloom in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea during 2019−2020[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1894-z

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1894-z

Two drifting paths of Sargassum bloom in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea during 2019−2020

Funds: The National Key Research and Development Program of China under contract No. 2016YFC1402100; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41876137; the Marine S&T Fund of Shandong Province for Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao) under contract No. 2018SDKJ0505-4 and the NSFC-Shandong Joint Funded Project under contract No. U1606404.
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  • Figure  1.  The bi-macroalgal bloom in the Yellow Sea on June7th, 2020. (a) Area covered by the satellite image analysis in the current study. ★recorded natural distribution of benthic Sargassum horneri in Chinese and Korean waters (Tseng, 1983; Hu et al., 2011; Byeon et al., 2019), □ location of panel b and c; (b) and (c) RED-GREEN-BLUE and NIR-RED-GREEN image from Sentinel-2 satellite; (d) and (e)Field validation of green tide caused by Ulva prolifera and bloom caused Sargassum horneri from June 7th to 10th 2020, respectively; (f) and (g): Reflectance spectrum of Ulva prolifera and Sargassum horneri from Sentinel-2 MultiSpectral Instrument (solid line with dots) and laboratory measurements (dashed line).

    Figure  2.  High resolution images from Sentinel-2 (red), GF-1/6 (yellow) and Haiyang-1C (green) used from October 2019 to June 2020.

    Figure  3.  The distribution area of floating Sargassum (a) from October 2019 to January 2020; (b) from January to April and (c) from April to June 2020; (d) two drifting paths of floating Sargassum in the Yellow and East China Seas. The distribution area on October 21st 2019 is indicated by black arrow in (a). Red and black dots indicate the centroids of distribution area on each date (in YYYYMMDD format). The distribution of green tide caused by Ulva prolifera was also included in (c).

    Figure  5.  Field validation of Sargassum bloom in (a) the Subei Shoal on January 14th and (b and c) in the Yellow Sea on May 19th, 2020.

    Figure  4.  The distribution and coverage areas of floating Sargassum in the Yellow and East China Seas from September 2019 to July 2020 (in YYYYMMDD format).

    Figure  6.  Distributions of sea surface temperature (contour) and monthly averaged wind field (vectors) in the Yellow and East China Seas from September 2019 to August 2020. The distribution of floating Sargassum is overlaid in red polygons for each month (in YYYYMMDD format)

    Figure  7.  Temporal variation of sea surface temperature in the Sargassum bloom areas (SarSST) from October, 2019 to June, 2020.

    Table  1.   Sensor characteristics of Sentinel-2, Gaofen-1/6 and Haiyang 1C

    Satellite SensorSentinel-2 Multispectral InstrumentGaofen-1/6 Wide-Field-View Haiyang 1C Coastal Zone Imager
    Blue-Green-Red-Near Infrared Band2-3-4-81-2-3-41-2-3-4
    Resolution (m)101650
    Swath (km)290800950
    Revisit cycle (days)543
    Data providerEuropean Space AgencyChina Centre for Resources Satellite Data and ApplicationChina National Satellite Ocean Application Service
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