Geological characteristics of the Qiaoyue Seamount and associated ultramafic-hosted seafloor hydrothermal system (~52.1°E, Southwest Indian Ridge)

Yongjin Huang Chunhui Tao Jin Liang Shili Liao Yuan Wang Dong Chen Weifang Yang

Yongjin Huang, Chunhui Tao, Jin Liang, Shili Liao, Yuan Wang, Dong Chen, Weifang Yang. Geological characteristics of the Qiaoyue Seamount and associated ultramafic-hosted seafloor hydrothermal system (~52.1°E, Southwest Indian Ridge)[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1832-0
Citation: Yongjin Huang, Chunhui Tao, Jin Liang, Shili Liao, Yuan Wang, Dong Chen, Weifang Yang. Geological characteristics of the Qiaoyue Seamount and associated ultramafic-hosted seafloor hydrothermal system (~52.1°E, Southwest Indian Ridge)[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1832-0

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1832-0

Geological characteristics of the Qiaoyue Seamount and associated ultramafic-hosted seafloor hydrothermal system (~52.1°E, Southwest Indian Ridge)

Funds: The National Key Research and Development Program of China under contract No. 2016YFC0304905; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41806076; the Scientific Research Fund of the Second Institute of Oceanography, MNR under contract No. JG1804; the China Ocean Mineral Resources R&D Association (COMRA) Major Project under contract Nos DY135-S1-1-01, DY135-S1-1-02 and DY135-S1-1-09.
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  • Figure  1.  Bathymetric map of the Southwest Indian Ridge between the Indomed and Gallieni transform fault (TF), with the location of the Qiaoyue Seamount (a). Inset shows the location of Fig1.a in the SWIR. High-resolution bathymetric map of the Qiaoyue Seamount on the SWIR (The bathymetric data were collected by multi-beam surveys) (b). The red solid line in Fig.1a show the first-order ridge axis between the Indomed TF and Gallieni TF. The white dots in Fig1.b show the epicenter of the study area (data source: The red solid line indicates the axis of segment #25 (second-order ridge). The orange dotted line shows the upper limit of a large fault. The second-order segments cited in the text and/or other figures are identified by their numbers, following the nomenclature of Cannat et al. (1999) and Liu (2019). BTJ: Bouvet Triple Junction; RTJ: Rodrigues Triple Junction; CIR: Central Indian Ridge; SEIR: Southeast Indian Ridge.

    Figure  2.  Generalized geological map of the Qiaoyue Seamount, interpreted from the surface geology and locations of photographs features (a); pelagic sediment with ripple marks (the black and red arrows indicate the forward direction of the camera and the direction of the bottom currents, respectively) (b); rock breccia/debris covered with sediments (c); pillow lava covered with sediments (d); a small scarp with exposed rock/breccia (e); serpentinized peridotite and/or serpentine covered with thin-layer sediments (f); suspected hydrothermally altered debris (g).

    Figure  3.  Water column turbidity profile obtained from line 3 (in Fig. 2a) deep-towed survey line and the blue band show the range of the significant water column turbidity anomaly (0.02–0.025 ΔNTU) (a). blue translucent area indicates a potential hydrothermal venting field (the blue solid line shows line 3 survey line trace, while the red solid line indicates the trace of a significant water column turbidity anomaly) (b).

    Figure  4.  Schematic model of hydrothermal system on Qiaoyue Seamount

    Table  1.   Cruise chronology on the Qiaoyue Seamount

    Cruise and LegShipLine No.Date
    The 7th leg of Chinese 20th Cruise (20 VII)DayangYihao20VII-L6SHX5Feb. 5, 2009
    20VII-L7SHX6Feb. 6, 2009
    The 4th leg of Chinese 49th Cruise (49 IV)Xiangyanghong 1049IV-L002SHX04May 15, 2018
    49IV-L003SHX03May 15–16, 2018
    49IV-L003SHX02May 16–17, 2018
    49IV-L005SHX01May 17–18, 2018
    49IV-L009SHX01cMay 25–26, 2018
    49IV-L010SHX02cMay 26–27, 2018
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