Population dynamics and condition index of natural stock of blood cockle, Tegillarca granosa (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Arcidae) in Marudu Bay, Malaysia

Joanna W. Doinsing Vienna Anastasia Admodisastro Laditah Duisan Julian Ransangan

Joanna W. Doinsing, Vienna Anastasia Admodisastro, Laditah Duisan, Julian Ransangan. Population dynamics and condition index of natural stock of blood cockle, Tegillarca granosa (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Arcidae) in Marudu Bay, Malaysia[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1791-5
Citation: Joanna W. Doinsing, Vienna Anastasia Admodisastro, Laditah Duisan, Julian Ransangan. Population dynamics and condition index of natural stock of blood cockle, Tegillarca granosa (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Arcidae) in Marudu Bay, Malaysia[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1791-5

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1791-5

Population dynamics and condition index of natural stock of blood cockle, Tegillarca granosa (Mollusca, Bivalvia, Arcidae) in Marudu Bay, Malaysia

Funds: The Fundamental Research Grant Scheme from the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia under contract No. FRG0467-2017.
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  • Figure  1.  Samples of blood cockle were collected in the inner region of Marudu Bay (marked by red dots).

    Figure  2.  Tegillarca granosa specimen collected from Marudu Bay.

    Figure  3.  Condition index of Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay recorded from July 2017 to June 2018.

    Figure  4.  Length-weight relationship of Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay.

    Figure  5.  Length-frequency distribution with growth curves superimposed using the ELEFAN 1 (L=86.68 mm and K=0.98 a–1).

    Figure  6.  Estimation of maximum shell length of Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay.

    Figure  7.  Estimation of growth constant (K) of Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay (K=0.98 a–1).

    Figure  8.  Recruitment pattern of Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay.

    Figure  9.  Length converted catch curve of Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay. Solid dots: points used in calculating using least squares linear regression. Open dots: points either not fully recruited or nearing L.

    Figure  10.  Relative yield per recruit (Y′/R) and biomass per recruit (B′/R) of Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay.

    Table  1.   Length-weight frequency data of Tegillarca granosa from Marudu Bay from July 2017 to June 2018

    Midlength/mmJul. 2017Aug. 2017Sept. 2017Oct. 2017Nov. 2017Dec. 2017Jan. 2018Feb. 2018Mar. 2018Apr. 2018May 2018Jun. 2018
    27.5100000000000
    32.5400000000000
    37.5301000000001
    42.5011010102001
    47.5403072332101
    52.52781454343414
    57.5913580477539
    62.5564354282249
    67.5245192143023
    72.5001070000111
    77.5001120000000
    82.5000011000000
    Total552020144513142619131129
    Note: 0 represents No cockle found.
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    Table  2.   Comparison of condition index for Tegillarca granosa recorded in Marudu Bay with published data

    LocationSpeciesCondition index (±SD)Reference
    Marudu Bay, MalaysiaTegillarca granosa4.98±0.86current study
    Straits of Malacca, MalaysiaAnadara granosa6.76±1.13Khalil et al. (2017)
    Black Sea Coast, TurkeyA. granosa7.88±1.80Sahin et al. (2006)
    Kakinada Bay, IndiaA. granosa4.11Narasimham (1988a)
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    Table  3.   Comparison of estimated length-weight relationship parameters for Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay with published values

    LocationSpeciesabReference
    Marudu Bay, MalaysiaTegillarca granosa0.6642.60current study
    Balik Pulau, MalaysiaAnadara granosa0.0022.33Mirzaei et al. (2015)
    Sungai Buloh, MalaysiaA. granosa0.2403.37Broom (1982)
    Kakinada Bay, IndiaA. granosa0.2602.12Narasimham (1988b)
    ThailandA. granosa0.3603.04Boonruang and Janekarn (1983)
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    Table  4.   Comparison of growth and mortality parameters for Tegillarca granosa in Marudu Bay with published data

    LocationSpeciesL/mmK/a–1F/a–1 EReference
    Marudu Bay, MalaysiaTegillarca granosa86.680.981.070.45current study
    Balik Pulau, MalaysiaAnadara granosa35.41.10.480.16Mirzaei et al.(2015)
    Kuala Juru, MalaysiaA. granosa450.552.690.83Oon (1986)
    Kuala Sepetang, MalaysiaA. granosa40.50.793.330.81Oon (1986)
    Sungai Besar Selangor, MalaysiaA. granosa41.40.782.880.79Oon (1986)
    Pulau Sangga, MalaysiaA. granosa37.20.882.050.7Oon (1986)
    Sungai Buloh, MalaysiaA. granosa44.41.01Broom (1982)
    Kakinada Bay, IndiaA. granosa73.40.58Narasimham (1988b)
    Ang Sila, ThailandA. granosa36.91.86Vakily (1992)
    Desa Menco, IndonesiaA. granosa129.90.07Imtihan et al. (2014)
    Kecamatan Wedung, IndonesiaA. granosa112.10.07Imtihan et al. (2014)
    Demak, IndonesiaA. granosa106.80.06 Imtihan et al. (2014)
    Note: L: estimated asymptotic length; K: growth coefficient; F: estimated fishing mortality; E: estimated exploitation level.
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    Table  5.   Spawning peaks of blood cockles recorded within the Southeast Asian region

    LocationSpeciesSpawning periodReference
    Marudu bay, MalaysiaTegillarca granosaMarch to April and September to Octobercurrent study
    Pulau Pinang, MalaysiaAnadara granosaFebruary to March and OctoberKhalil et al. (2017)
    Pulau Pinang, MalaysiaA. granosaAugust to SeptemberBroom (1983)
    Selangor, MalaysiaA. granosaSeptember and NovemberBroom (1983)
    Phuket, ThailandA. granosaOctober to NovemberBoonruang and Janekarn (1983)
    Pattani Bay, ThailandA. granosaSeptember and DecemberSuwanjarat et al. (2009)
    Banda Aceh, IndonesiaA. granosaSeptember to OctoberKhalil et al. (2017)
    Lhokseumawe, IndonesiaA. granosaSeptember to OctoberKhalil et al. (2017)
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