Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Jieying Na, Wanying Chen, Dongsheng Zhang, Ruiyan Zhang, Bo Lu, Chengcheng Shen, Yadong Zhou, Chunsheng Wang. Morphological description and population structure of an ophiuroid species from cobalt-rich crust seamounts in the Northwest Pacific: implications for marine protection under deep-sea mining[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-020-1666-1
Citation: Jieying Na, Wanying Chen, Dongsheng Zhang, Ruiyan Zhang, Bo Lu, Chengcheng Shen, Yadong Zhou, Chunsheng Wang. Morphological description and population structure of an ophiuroid species from cobalt-rich crust seamounts in the Northwest Pacific: implications for marine protection under deep-sea mining[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-020-1666-1

Morphological description and population structure of an ophiuroid species from cobalt-rich crust seamounts in the Northwest Pacific: implications for marine protection under deep-sea mining

doi: 10.1007/s13131-020-1666-1
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 42076135; the Foundation of China Ocean Mineral Resources R & D Association under contract Nos DY135-E2-2-06 and DY135-E2-2-03; the Project of State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography under contract No. SOEDZZ2002; the Scientific Research Fund of the Second Institute of Oceanography, MNR under contract No. JG1528.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: dszhang@sio.org.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-03-04
  • Accepted Date: 2020-07-30
  • Available Online: 2021-06-29
  • Many seamounts are covered with cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts, and are increasingly attracting interest for the potential extraction of valuable mineral resources from deep seabed environments. However, the impacts of potential mining activities on the vulnerable seamount ecosystem remain unclear. To enhance the understanding of connectivity in benthic invertebrate populations in the Northwest Pacific Ocean, several seamounts were surveyed and biological samples collected. In the present study, the ophiuroid species Ophioplinthaca defensor is reported for the first time from four deep seamounts in the Northwest Pacific, and described, providing more detailed morphological diagnosis characters. To assess the population structure of the species between and within seamounts, two mitochondrial markers (COI and 16S) were sequenced. In total, 20 haplotypes from 32 COI sequences and 8 haplotypes from 37 16S sequences were recovered. The star-shaped TCS networks and non-significant pairwise population differences reveal the absence of distinct population structures between and within seamounts. In addition, the O. defensor population seemed to have undergone a demographic expansion in history. This is the first study on the genetic population structure of a benthic invertebrate from seamounts in the Northwest Pacific, and this results suggest a potentially high, long distance dispersal capacity in O. defensor between seamounts, which could inform the development of the Regional Environmental Management Plans for the cobalt-rich crust seamounts in the area.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Baco A R, Etter R J, Ribeiro P A, et al. 2016. A synthesis of genetic connectivity in deep-sea fauna and implications for marine reserve design. Molecular Ecology, 25(14): 3276–3298. doi: 10.1111/mec.13689
    Balbar A C, Metaxas A. 2019. The current application of ecological connectivity in the design of marine protected areas. Global Ecology and Conservation, 17: e00569. doi: 10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00569
    Boissin E, Stöhr S, Chenuil A. 2011. Did vicariance and adaptation drive cryptic speciation and evolution of brooding in Ophioderma longicauda (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea), a common Atlanto-Mediterranean ophiuroid?. Molecular Ecology, 20(22): 4734–4755
    Boschen R E, Tyler P A, Copley J T. 2013. Distribution, population structure, reproduction and diet of Ophiolimna antarctica (Lyman, 1879) from Kemp Caldera in the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 92: 27–35. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.02.005
    Castelin M, Lorion J, Brisset J, et al. 2012. Speciation patterns in gastropods with long-lived larvae from deep-sea seamounts. Molecular Ecology, 21(19): 4828–4853. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05743.x
    Cho W, Shank T M. 2010. Incongruent patterns of genetic connectivity among four ophiuroid species with differing coral host specificity on North Atlantic seamounts. Marine Ecology, 31(S1): 121–143
    Clark M R, Bowden D A, Rowden A A, et al. 2019. Little evidence of benthic community resilience to bottom trawling on seamounts after 15 years. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6: 63. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00063
    Clark M R, Rowden R A, Schlacher T, et al. 2010. The ecology of seamounts: structure, function, and human impacts. Annual Review of Marine Science, 2: 253–278. doi: 10.1146/annurev-marine-120308-081109
    Edgar R C. 2004. MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Res, 32(5): 1792–1797, doi: 10.1093/nar/gkh340
    Etter R J, Boyle E E, Glazier A, et al. 2011. Phylogeography of a pan-Atlantic abyssal protobranch bivalve: Implications for evolution in the Deep Atlantic. Molecular Ecology, 20(4): 829–843. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04978.x
    Excoffier L, Lischer H E L. 2010. Arlequin suite ver 3.5: a new series of programs to perform population genetics analyses under Linux and Windows. Molecular Ecology Resources, 10(3): 564–567. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02847.x
    Fu Yunxin. 1997. Statistical tests of neutrality of mutations against population growth, hitchhiking and background selection. Genetics, 147(2): 915–925. doi: 10.1093/genetics/147.2.915
    Galaska M P, Sands C J, Santos S R, et al. 2016. Geographic structure in the Southern Ocean circumpolar brittle star Ophionotus victoriae (Ophiuridae) revealed from mtDNA and single- nucleotide polymorphism data. Ecology and Evolution, 7(2): 475–485
    Galaska M P, Sands C J, Santos S R, et al. 2017. Crossing the Divide: Admixture Across the Antarctic Polar Front Revealed by the Brittle Star Astrotoma agassizii. The Biological Bulletin, 232(3): 198–211. doi: 10.1086/693460
    Harpending H C. 1994. Signature of ancient population growth in a low-resolution mitochondrial DNA mismatch distribution. Human Biology, 66(4): 591–600
    Havermans C, Sonet G, D’Acoz C D, et al. 2013. Genetic and morphological divergences in the cosmopolitan deep-sea amphipod Eurythenes gryllus reveal a diverse abyss and a bipolar species. PLoS ONE, 8(9): e74218. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074218
    Hein J R, Bohrson W A, Schulz M S, et al. 1992. Variations in the fine-scale composition of a central pacific ferromanganese crust: paleoceanographic implications. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology, 7(1): 63–77
    Hilário A, Metaxas A, Gaudron S M, et al. 2015. Estimating dispersal distance in the deep sea: challenges and applications to marine reserves. Frontiers in Marine Science, 2: 6. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2015.00006
    Hunter R L, Halanych K M. 2008. Evaluating connectivity in the brooding brittle star Astrotoma agassizii across the Drake Passage in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Heredity, 99(2): 137–148. doi: 10.1093/jhered/esm119
    Hunter R L, Halanych K M. 2010. Phylogeography of the Antarctic planktotrophic brittle star Ophionotus victoriae reveals genetic structure inconsistent with early life history. Marine Biology, 157(8): 1693–1704. doi: 10.1007/s00227-010-1443-3
    ISA. 2018. Towards the development of a regional environmental management plan for cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. ISA Technical Study No. 23. Kingston, Jamaica: International Seabed Authority
    ISBA/19/LTC/8. 2013. Recommendations for the guidance of contractors for the assessment of the possible environmental impacts arising from exploration for marine minerals in the area. Jamaica: International Seabed Authority
    Jennings R M, Etter R J, Lynn F, et al. 2013. Population differentiation and species formation in the deep sea: the potential role of environmental gradients and depth. PloS ONE, 8(10): e77594. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077594
    Kaiho K, Hasegawa T. 1994. End-Cenomanian benthic foraminiferal extinctions and oceanic dysoxic events in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 111(1–2): 29–43. doi: 10.1016/0031-0182(94)90346-8
    Koehler R. 1930. Ophiures recueillies par le Docteur Th. Mortensen dans les Mers d’Australie et dans I’Archipel Malais. Papers from Dr. Th. Mortensen’s Pacific Expedition 1914-16. LIV. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk naturhistorisk Forening, 89: 1–295
    Leigh J W, Bryant D. 2015. Popart: full-feature software for haplotype network construction. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 6(9): 1110–1116. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.12410
    Manel S, Loiseau N, Andrello M, et al. 2019. Long-distance benefits of marine reserves: myth or reality?. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 34(4): 342–354
    Martino S, Parson L M. 2012. A comparison between manganese nodules and cobalt crust economics in a scenario of mutual exclusivity. Marine Policy, 36(3): 790–800. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol.2011.11.008
    Miller K J, Gunasekera R M. 2017. A comparison of genetic connectivity in two deep sea corals to examine whether seamounts are isolated islands or stepping stones for dispersal. Scientific Reports, 7: 46103. doi: 10.1038/srep46103
    Morgan N B, Cairns S, Reiswig H, et al. 2015. Benthic megafaunal community structure of cobalt-rich manganese crusts on Necker Ridge. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 104: 92–105. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2015.07.003
    O’Driscoll R L, Clark M R. 2005. Quantifying the relative intensity of fishing on New Zealand seamounts. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 39(4): 839–850. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2005.9517356
    O’Hara T D. 2007. Seamounts: centres of endemism or species-richness for ophiuroids?. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 16(6): 720–732. doi: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2007.00329.x
    O’Hara T D, Consalvey M, Lavrado H P, et al. 2010. Environmental predictors and turnover of biota along a seamount chain. Marine Ecology, 31(S1): 84–94
    O’Hara T D, England P R, Gunasekera R M, et al. 2014. Limited phylogeographic structure for five bathyal ophiuroids at continental scales. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 84: 18–28. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2013.09.009
    O’Hara T D, Smith P J, Mills V S, et al. 2013. Biogeographical and phylogeographical relationships of the bathyal ophiuroid fauna of the Macquarie Ridge, Southern Ocean. Polar Biology, 36(3): 321–333. doi: 10.1007/s00300-012-1261-9
    O’Hara T D, Stöhr S. 2006. Deep water Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) of New Caledonia: Ophiacanthidae and Hemieuryalidae. In: Richer de Forges B, Justine J L, eds. Tropical Deep Sea Benthos (Mémoires du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle 193). Paris, France: Museum of Natural History of France, 24: 33–141
    Palumbi S R. 1996. Nucleic acidS II: the polymerase chain reaction. In: Hilli D M, Moritz C, Mable B K, eds. Molecular Systematics. 2nd ed. Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinauer Associates, 205–247
    Palumbi S R. 2003. Population genetics, demographic connectivity, and the design of marine reserves. Ecological Applications, 13(sp1): 146–158. doi: 10.1890/1051-0761(2003)013[0146:PGDCAT]2.0.CO;2
    Pérez-Portela R, Almada V, Turon X. 2012. Cryptic speciation and genetic structure of widely distributed brittle stars (Ophiuroidea) in Europe. Zoologica Scripta, 42(2): 151–169
    Rozas J, Ferrer-Mata A, Sánchez-DelBarrio J C, et al. 2017. DnaSP 6: DNA sequence polymorphism analysis of large data sets. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 34(12): 3299–3302. doi: 10.1093/molbev/msx248
    Samadi S, Bottan L, Macpherson E, et al. 2006. Seamount endemism questioned by the geographic distribution and population genetic structure of marine invertebrates. Marine Biology, 149(6): 1463–1475. doi: 10.1007/s00227-006-0306-4
    Sands C J, O’Hara T D, Barnes D K A, et al. 2015. Against the flow: evidence of multiple recent invasions of warmer continental shelf waters by a Southern Ocean brittle star. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3: 63. doi: 10.3389/fevo.2015.00063
    Schlacher T A, Baco A R, Rowden A A, et al. 2014. Seamount benthos in a cobalt-rich crust region of the central Pacific: conservation challenges for future seabed mining. Diversity and Distributions, 20(5): 491–502. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12142
    Shank T M. 2010. Seamounts: deep-ocean laboratories of faunal connectivity, evolution, and endemism. Oceanography, 23(1): 108–122. doi: 10.5670/oceanog.2010.65
    Taboada S, Pérez-Portela R. 2016. Contrasted phylogeographic patterns on mitochondrial DNA of shallow and deep brittle stars across the Atlantic-Mediterranean area. Scientific Reports, 6: 32425. doi: 10.1038/srep32425
    Taboada S, Riesgo A, Wiklund H, et al. 2018. Implications of population connectivity studies for the design of marine protected areas in the deep sea: An example of a demosponge from the Clarion-Clipperton Zone. Molecular Ecology, 27(23): 4657–4679. doi: 10.1111/mec.14888
    Tajima F. 1989. Statistical method for testing the neutral mutation hypothesis by DNA polymorphism. Genetics, 123(3): 585–595. doi: 10.1093/genetics/123.3.585
    Taylor M L, Roterman C N. 2017. Invertebrate population genetics across Earth’s largest habitat: The deep-sea floor. Molecular Ecology, 26(19): 4872–4896. doi: 10.1111/mec.14237
    Thatje S, Hillenbrand C D, Mackensen A, et al. 2008. Life hung by a thread: endurance of Antarctic fauna in glacial periods. Ecology, 89(3): 682–692. doi: 10.1890/07-0498.1
    Yesson C, Clark M R, Taylor M L, et al. 2011. The global distribution of seamounts based on 30 arc seconds bathymetry data. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 58(4): 442–453. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2011.02.004
    Zeng Cong, Clark M R, Rowden A A, et al. 2019. The use of spatially explicit genetic variation data from four deep-sea sponges to inform the protection of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems. Scientific Reports, 9: 5482. doi: 10.1038/241598-019-41877-9
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(7)  / Tables(4)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (49) PDF downloads(2) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint