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Wu Qu, Michael Vicent Shija, Jie Wu, Min Jin, Jianxin Wang, Runying Zeng, Zhuhua Chan. Particle size shapes the prokaryotic microbial communities in mangrove sediments: a case study of Sanya, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1915-y
Citation: Wu Qu, Michael Vicent Shija, Jie Wu, Min Jin, Jianxin Wang, Runying Zeng, Zhuhua Chan. Particle size shapes the prokaryotic microbial communities in mangrove sediments: a case study of Sanya, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1915-y

Particle size shapes the prokaryotic microbial communities in mangrove sediments: a case study of Sanya, China

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1915-y
Funds:  National Key R&D Program of China under contract No. 2019YFD0901305; the Scientific Research Foundation of Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR under contract No. 2019013; the Science and Technology Program of Zhoushan under contract No. 2019C21011.
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  • Corresponding author: E-mail: chan@tio.org.cn
  • Received Date: 2021-04-29
  • Accepted Date: 2021-07-13
  • Available Online: 2022-04-27
  • The prokaryotic microbial communities in the sediments play crucial roles in the ecological functions of mangrove ecosystems. Therefore, the environmental factors that affect the structures of these prokaryotic microbial communities could indirectly participate in the regulation of mangrove functions, which is of great value for mangrove studies. The particle size (PS) of soils is recently demonstrated as a key environmental factor for shaping the microbial communities; however, this hypothesis has rarely been tested for mangrove environments. A case study of three tropical mangroves from Sanya City, China was performed in this work to assess the influence of PS on the prokaryotic microbial community structures of bacteria, archaea, diazotrophs, and denitrifiers in the sediments. Results showed the variability in the spatial scale and the stability in the temporal scale for the prokaryotic communities, indicating that the tropical mangrove sediments could be a versatile but stable environment. Among the collected environmental factors, PS, salinity, and humidity had the greatest impacts, and PS mostly affected the structures of these prokaryotic communities based on its highest R2 values of canonical correspondence analysis, Mental test, and linear fitting (p≤0.05). Furthermore, PS was positively correlated with the diversity and abundance of diazotrophic communities and negatively correlated with the abundances of methanogenic communities including Methanobacteriaceae, Methanospirillaceae, Methanoregulaceae, and Methanosaetaceae. Former studies show the increasing trend of PS caused by the rise of sea level and the intensification of human activities. Therefore, our findings indicate that PS could be a potential intermediate that links climate change and human activities with the possible ecological function migration of mangroves; meanwhile, the increase of PS could in turn release the stress of these environmental changes by increasing the abundance and diversity of the diazotrophic community and decreasing the abundances of methanogens.
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