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Xiaoqin Xiong, Xuhua Cheng, Niansen Ou, Tao Feng, Jianhuang Qin, Xiao Chen, Rui Xin Huang. Dynamics of seasonal and interannual variability of the ocean bottom pressure in the Southern Ocean[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1878-z
Citation: Xiaoqin Xiong, Xuhua Cheng, Niansen Ou, Tao Feng, Jianhuang Qin, Xiao Chen, Rui Xin Huang. Dynamics of seasonal and interannual variability of the ocean bottom pressure in the Southern Ocean[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1878-z

Dynamics of seasonal and interannual variability of the ocean bottom pressure in the Southern Ocean

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1878-z
Funds:  The National Key R&D Program of China under contract No. 2018YFA0605703; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41876002 and 41876224.
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  • Corresponding author: E-mail: xuhuacheng@hhu.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2021-04-06
  • Accepted Date: 2021-06-08
  • Available Online: 2022-01-18
  • Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean bottom pressure (OBP) in the Southern Ocean was investigated using Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) data and a Pressure Coordinate Ocean Model (PCOM) based on mass conservation. By comparing OBP, steric sea level, and sea level, it is found that at high latitudes the OBP variability dominates the sea level variability at seasonal-to-decadal time scales. The diagnostic OBP based on barotropic vorticity equation has a good correlation with the observations, indicating that wind forcing plays an important role in the variability of the OBP in the Southern Ocean. The unique interannual patterns of OBP in the Southern Ocean are closely associated with El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Southern Annular Mode (SAM). Regression analysis indicates that ENSO and SAM influence the OBP through altering the Ekman transport driven by surface wind. The leading pattern of OBP from PCOM are very similar to observations. Sensitive experiments of PCOM show that surface wind forcing explains the observed OBP variability quite well, confirming the importance of wind forcing and related oceanic processes. In the eastern South Pacific, the averaged OBP shows a decrease (increase) trend before (after) 2011, reflecting the reverse trend in westerly wind. In the South Indo-Atlantic Ocean, the averaged OBP has a weak increase trend during 2003–2016.
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